Quick answer
"Lose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perder", and "loss" is a noun which is often translated as "la pérdida". Learn more about the difference between "lose" and "loss" below.
lose(
luz
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not find)
a. perder
I lost my cellphone at work.Perdí mi celular en el trabajo.
2. (to not win)
a. perder
She lost the race despite all the training she'd done.Perdió la carrera, a pesar de haber entrenado tanto.
3. (to be deprived of)
a. perder (rights, sight, a loved one)
She lost her parents when she was 12.Perdió a sus padres cuando tenía 12.
4. (to get rid of)
a. perder
He has already lost three pounds!¡Ya perdió tres libras!
b. bajar
You lost ten pounds in a week? That seems dangerous to me.¿Bajaste diez libras en una semana? Eso me parece peligroso.
c. deshacerse de (a pursuer)
I managed to lose him by dodging down a side alley.Conseguí deshacerme de él entrando en un callejón lateral.
5. (to waste)
a. perder (time or an opportunity)
I've lost a lot of sleep thinking about this.He perdido muchas horas de sueño pensando en esto.
6. (to cause the loss of)
a. costar
Arguing with him lost me my job.Discutir con él me costó mi trabajo.
7. (to confuse)
a. confundir
She lost me when she started explaining fractions.Me confundió cuando empezó a explicar fracciones.
8. (to become slower)
a. atrasarse
The kitchen clock loses two minutes every day.El reloj de la cocina se atrasa dos minutos cada día.
9. (to miss)
a. perder
We lost our connection in Madrid.Perdimos nuestra conexión en Madrid.
10. (to fail to keep)
a. perder
She lost some clients over the past weeks.Ha perdido algunos clientes durante las últimas semanas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to fail to win)
a. perder
We lost by two goals.Perdimos por dos goles.
12. (to have a loss)
a. salir perdiendo
I’m losing on the rental of my house.Salgo perdiendo en el alquiler de la casa.
13. (to be absorbed)
a. perderse
I lost myself reading such a good book.Me perdí en la lectura de tan buen libro.
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loss(
las
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (deprivation of something)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Mary began to learn sign language after suffering from a loss of hearing.Mary empezó a aprender la lengua de señas después de sufrir la pérdida de la audición.
2. (financial)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tourism office reported heavy losses the year after the hurricane.La oficina de turismo reportó pérdidas fuertes el año después del huracán.
3. (defeat)
a. la derrota
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Real Madrid's loss to FC Barcelona provoked riots in the stands.La derrota del Real Madrid frente al Barcelona provocó un motín en la tribuna.
4. (death)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was inconsolable after the loss of her beloved rabbit.Estaba inconsolable después de la pérdida de su querido conejo.
5. (insurance)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The car was declared a total loss after crashing into a train.El carro fue declarado una pérdida total después de chocar con un tren.
losses
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (amount lost)
a. las bajas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(military)
The losses suffered during the invasion of Normandy are in the hundreds of thousands. Las bajas sufridas durante la invasión de Normandía llegan a los cientos de miles.
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