Quick answer
"Lose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perder", and "damage" is a noun which is often translated as "el daño". Learn more about the difference between "lose" and "damage" below.
lose(
luz
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not find)
a. perder
I lost my cellphone at work.Perdí mi celular en el trabajo.
2. (to not win)
a. perder
She lost the race despite all the training she'd done.Perdió la carrera, a pesar de haber entrenado tanto.
3. (to be deprived of)
a. perder (rights, sight, a loved one)
She lost her parents when she was 12.Perdió a sus padres cuando tenía 12.
4. (to get rid of)
a. perder
He has already lost three pounds!¡Ya perdió tres libras!
b. bajar
You lost ten pounds in a week? That seems dangerous to me.¿Bajaste diez libras en una semana? Eso me parece peligroso.
c. deshacerse de (a pursuer)
I managed to lose him by dodging down a side alley.Conseguí deshacerme de él entrando en un callejón lateral.
5. (to waste)
a. perder (time or an opportunity)
I've lost a lot of sleep thinking about this.He perdido muchas horas de sueño pensando en esto.
6. (to cause the loss of)
a. costar
Arguing with him lost me my job.Discutir con él me costó mi trabajo.
7. (to confuse)
a. confundir
She lost me when she started explaining fractions.Me confundió cuando empezó a explicar fracciones.
8. (to become slower)
a. atrasarse
The kitchen clock loses two minutes every day.El reloj de la cocina se atrasa dos minutos cada día.
9. (to miss)
a. perder
We lost our connection in Madrid.Perdimos nuestra conexión en Madrid.
10. (to fail to keep)
a. perder
She lost some clients over the past weeks.Ha perdido algunos clientes durante las últimas semanas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to fail to win)
a. perder
We lost by two goals.Perdimos por dos goles.
12. (to have a loss)
a. salir perdiendo
I’m losing on the rental of my house.Salgo perdiendo en el alquiler de la casa.
13. (to be absorbed)
a. perderse
I lost myself reading such a good book.Me perdí en la lectura de tan buen libro.
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damage(
dah
-
mihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (destruction)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The damage that the war has caused to the country's infrastructure will take years to repair.El daño que la guerra ha causado a las infraestructuras del país tardará años en repararse.
b. los daños
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The building sustained extensive damage in the earthquake.El edificio sufrió importantes daños en el terremoto.
2. (detrimental effect)
a. el daño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rumors have caused damage to my reputation.Los rumores provocaron un daño a mi reputación.
b. el perjuicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Floods have caused substantial economic damage this year.Este año, las inundaciones causaron un considerable perjuicio económico.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to inflict harm on)
a. dañar
A famous painting was accidentally damaged by a visitor to the museum.Un visitante del museo dañó accidentalmente una pintura famosa.
4. (to cause a detrimental effect)
a. dañar
Poor defending is damaging the team's chances in this game.Una mala defensa está dañando las oportunidades del equipo en este partido.
b. perjudicar
Smoking can damage your health.Fumar puede perjudicar tu salud.
damages
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (legal)
a. los daños y perjuicios
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defendant had to pay one million dollars in damages.El demandado tenía que pagar un millón de dólares en daños y perjuicios.
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