Quick answer
"Long" is an adjective which is often translated as "largo", and "small" is an adjective which is often translated as "pequeño". Learn more about the difference between "long" and "small" below.
long(
lang
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (length or distance)
a. largo
We have a long way to go before we get home.Tenemos un camino largo por delante para llegar a casa.
b. de largo
The landing strip is a mile long.La pista de aterrizaje mide una milla de largo.
2. (time)
a. largo
The talk was so long that I fell asleep.La charla fue tan larga que me quedé dormido.
b. prolongado
A trip to the sea helped her recover from her long illness.Un viaje al mar la ayudó a recuperarse de su prolongada enfermedad.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The flight is three hours long.Es un vuelo de tres horas.
Tomorrow's test is five hours long.El examen de mañana dura cinco horas.
3. (linguistics)
a. largo
The vowel in the word "boot" is a long vowel.La vocal en la palabra "boot" es una vocal larga.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (for a long time)
a. mucho
Are you going to take long?¿Vas a tardar mucho?
b. mucho tiempo
I don't plan to stay long.No pienso quedarme mucho tiempo.
c. todo
We stayed up and danced all night long.Nos desvelamos y bailamos toda la noche.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to desire)
a. anhelar
I long for the day when no one has a hidden agenda.Anhelo el día en que nadie tenga intenciones ocultas.
b. desear
I long to be back in your arms.Deseo estar de nuevo en tus brazos.
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small(
smal
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (small in size)
a. pequeño
I have lived in a very small house for many years.He vivido en una casa muy pequeña por muchos años.
b. chico
He's eight, but he looks small for his age.Tiene ocho años, pero se ve chico para su edad.
c. chiquito (colloquial)
My feet are so small, it's hard for me to find shoes.Tengo los pies tan chiquitos que se me hace difícil encontrar zapatos.
2. (small in amount)
a. poco
It is a really small quantity for all of us.Realmente es muy poca cantidad para todos nosotros.
b. pequeño
We've had a small bump in sales.Hemos tenido un pequeño aumento en las ventas.
c. reducido
These amounts are so small; we've got to come up with a better business plan.Estas cantidades son my reducidas; hay que pensar en un mejor plan de negocios.
3. (humble)
a. pequeño
It's just a small gesture to show my appreciation.Es solo un pequeño gesto para mostrar mi aprecio.
b. de poca importancia
It's a small contribution. - Yes, but it counts.Es una aportación de poca importancia. - Sí, pero cuenta.
4. (young)
a. pequeño
When we were small, my brother and I went to the beach every summer.Cuando éramos pequeños, mi hermano y yo íbamos a la playa todos los veranos.
5. (small in scale)
a. pequeño
We have a small family business.Tenemos una pequeña empresa familiar.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (handwriting)
a. chiquito
You write so small; let me go get my glasses.Escribes bien chiquito; dejame ir por mis anteojos.
7. (scale)
a. a pequeña escala
You'll never be successful if you keep thinking so small.Nunca tendrás éxito si sigues pensando a pequeña escala.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (clothing size)
a. la talla chica
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you have this shirt in a small?¿Tienes esta camisa en talla chica?
smalls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
9. (clothing)
a. la ropa interior
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You can't go outside in your smalls.No puedes salir afuera en tu ropa interior.
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