Quick answer
"Long" is an adjective which is often translated as "largo", and "a long time" is a phrase which is often translated as "mucho tiempo". Learn more about the difference between "long" and "a long time" below.
long(
lang
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (length or distance)
a. largo
We have a long way to go before we get home.Tenemos un camino largo por delante para llegar a casa.
b. de largo
The landing strip is a mile long.La pista de aterrizaje mide una milla de largo.
2. (time)
a. largo
The talk was so long that I fell asleep.La charla fue tan larga que me quedé dormido.
b. prolongado
A trip to the sea helped her recover from her long illness.Un viaje al mar la ayudó a recuperarse de su prolongada enfermedad.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The flight is three hours long.Es un vuelo de tres horas.
Tomorrow's test is five hours long.El examen de mañana dura cinco horas.
3. (linguistics)
a. largo
The vowel in the word "boot" is a long vowel.La vocal en la palabra "boot" es una vocal larga.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (for a long time)
a. mucho
Are you going to take long?¿Vas a tardar mucho?
b. mucho tiempo
I don't plan to stay long.No pienso quedarme mucho tiempo.
c. todo
We stayed up and danced all night long.Nos desvelamos y bailamos toda la noche.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to desire)
a. anhelar
I long for the day when no one has a hidden agenda.Anhelo el día en que nadie tenga intenciones ocultas.
b. desear
I long to be back in your arms.Deseo estar de nuevo en tus brazos.
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a long time(
uh
 
lang
 
taym
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. mucho tiempo
I had to wait a long time to see the doctor.Tuve que esperar mucho tiempo para ver al médico
b. mucho
He took a long time to finish eating his food.Tardó mucho en terminar comiendo su cena.
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