Quick answer
"Listen" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "escuchar", and "hear" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "oír". Learn more about the difference between "listen" and "hear" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to actively hear; often used with "to")
a. escuchar
Listen! I think someone's shouting your name.¡Escucha! Creo que alguien está gritando tu nombre.
2. (to pay attention; often used with "to")
a. escuchar
He failed the exam because he never listens in class.Falló el examen porque nunca escucha en clase.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (act of listening)
a. la oída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The band's new album deserves a listen.El álbum nuevo del grupo se merece una oída.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to perceive sounds)
a. oír
I could hear the professor perfectly from the back of the room.Pude oír al profesor perfectamente desde el fondo de la sala.
b. escuchar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The music is very loud, and I can't hear what you're saying.La música está muy alta y no escucho lo que dices.
2. (to discover)
a. oír
From what I have heard, we are all going to be laid off.Por lo que he oído, nos van a despedir a todos.
3. (to listen to)
a. oír
I've heard what you had to say, and I still don't agree with you.He oído lo que tenías que decir, y sigo sin estar de acuerdo.
b. escuchar
Hear me out before jumping to conclusions.Escúchame antes de llegar a cualquier conclusión.
4. (legal)
a. ver
The Supreme Court will begin hearing the case next month.La Corte Suprema comenzará a ver el caso el mes que viene.
5. (religion)
a. oír
Every Sunday, we see Catholics go to the church in our neighborhood to hear Mass.Cada domingo, vemos a los católicos ir a la iglesia del barrio a oír misa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to perceive sounds)
a. oír
My father cannot hear out of his right ear.Mi padre no puede oír de su oído derecho.
7. (to get news)
a. tener noticias de
I have not heard from my son in weeks.No he tenido noticias de mi hijo desde hace semanas.
b. enterarse de
I heard about your husband's promotion. Congratulations!Me enteré del ascenso de tu marido. ¡Enhorabuena!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (endorsement)
a. sí, señor
Hear, hear! I second the motion.¡Sí, señor! Secundo la moción.
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