Quick answer
"Leave" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "irse de", and "stand" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar de pie". Learn more about the difference between "leave" and "stand" below.
leave(
liv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to depart from)
a. irse de
She left the house, slamming the door behind her.Se fue de la casa dando un portazo.
b. marcharse de
He left the party in a huff.Se marchó enojado de la fiesta.
c. salir de
The parents asked the child to leave the room so that they could speak privately.Los padres le pidieron al niño que saliera del cuarto para que pudieran hablar en privado.
d. partir de
The ship left the port at dawn.El navío partió del puerto al amanecer.
2. (to abandon)
a. dejar
He left everything to join the army.Lo dejó todo para unirse al ejército.
b. abandonar
They say she left her husband for a younger man.Dicen que abandonó a su esposo por un hombre más joven.
3. (to put)
a. dejar
I don't know where I left my keys.No sé dónde dejé las llaves.
4. (to allow to remain)
a. dejar
Do you want me to leave the door open, or should I close it?¿Quieres que deje abierta la puerta, o la cierro?
5. (to forget)
a. dejar
I think I left my umbrella in the taxi.Creo que dejé mi paraguas en el taxi.
6. (to bequeath)
a. dejar
My grandfather left me five thousand dollars when he died.Mi abuelo me dejó cinco mil dólares cuando murió.
b. legar
Alicia's grandmother left her an apartment in the city.La abuela de Alicia le legó un apartamento en la ciudad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to depart)
a. salir
My flight leaves from O'Hare airport.Mi vuelo sale del aeropuerto O'Hare.
b. partir
What port did the ship leave from?¿De qué puerto partió el barco?
8. (to go away)
a. irse
He wasn't feeling well at the office, so he left.Él no se sentía bien en la oficina, así que se fue.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
9. (permission to be absent)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I am on leave from September 7th to September 15th.Estoy de permiso desde el 7 hasta el 15 de septiembre.
10. (permission)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With your leave, I'll take a few soldiers and engage the raiding parties.Con su permiso, tomaré unos cuantos soldados y enfrentaré a los asaltantes.
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stand
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be upright)
a. estar de pie
My job requires me to stand all the time.Mi trabajo requiere que esté de pie todo el tiempo.
b. estar parado
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We were standing for three hours.Estuvimos parados durante tres horas.
2. (to get up)
a. levantarse
You must stand when the principal enters the classroom.Deben levantarse cuando el director entra en el aula.
b. ponerse de pie
They all stood at the end of the presentation.Todos se pusieron de pie al final de la presentación.
c. pararse
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The people stood when the president came in.La gente se paró cuando el presidente entró.
3. (to stay)
a. quedarse
I can’t stand here chatting all day.No me puedo quedar charlando el día entero.
4. (to position oneself)
a. ponerse
You stand here and hold the bucket.Tú ponte aquí y agarra el balde.
5. (to measure)
a. medir
He stands 6 feet 3 inches.Mide 1.9 metros.
6. (to remain valid)
a. seguir en pie
Her record for the 400 m still stands.Su récord para los 400 m sigue en pie.
b. seguir vigente
Clause 26 of the contract still stands.La cláusula 26 del contrato sigue vigente.
7. (to be situated)
a. haber
A church has stood on this site for over a thousand years.Ha habido una iglesia en este lugar desde hace más de mil años.
b. estar
The relatives were standing by the graveside.Los parientes estaban alrededor de la tumba.
8. (to have a position)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I just want to know where I stand.Solo quiero saber a qué atenerme.
Where do you stand on gun control?¿Cuál es tu posición en cuanto al control de armas?
9. (to survive)
a. quedar en pie
There was only one building left standing after the hurricane.Tras el huracán quedaba solo un edificio en pie.
10. (to be supported by)
a. descansar
Each column stands on a stone base.Cada columna descansa sobre una base de piedra.
11. (to remain untouched)
a. reposar
Let the batter stand for a couple of hours.Deje reposar la masa durante un par de horas.
12. (to be)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
As it stands, the definition is not very clear.Tal como está, la definición no está muy clara.
The death toll currently stands at 135.El número de muertos asciende a 135.
13. (as a candidate) (United Kingdom)
a. presentarse
I decided to stand for chairman.Decidí presentarme como candidato a la presidencia.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
14. (to tolerate)
a. aguantar
I can't stand this rain any longer.Ya no aguanto esta lluvia.
b. soportar
He can't stand being criticized.No soporta que lo critiquen.
15. (to withstand)
a. resistir
I don’t think the bridge will stand another flood.No creo que el puente resista otra inundación.
16. (to place)
a. poner
I stood my suitcase in the corner.Puse mi maleta en el rincón.
b. colocar
Stand it in the center of the mantelpiece.Colócalo en el centro de la repisa de la chimenea.
17. (to pay for)
a. invitar a
They stood us a drink at the bar.Nos invitaron a una bebida en el bar.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
18. (position)
a. la posición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He took his stand at the entrance.Tomó su posición en la entrada.
19. (view)
a. la postura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What is your stand on the elections?¿Cuál es tu postura acerca de las elecciones?
20. (base)
a. el soporte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I put the iron back on its stand.Volví a poner la plancha sobre el soporte.
b. el pie
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a lamp)
The stand and the lampshade are sold separately.El pie y la pantalla se venden por separado.
c. el perchero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for hats and coats)
I hung my coat on the stand in the hall.Colgué mi abrigo en el perchero de la entrada.
d. el atril
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(music)
I need a stand to hold the music.Necesito un atril para sostener la partitura.
21. (stall)
a. la caseta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I've rented a stand at the crafts fair.Me alquilé una caseta en la feria de artesanías.
b. el puesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They've put a taco stand in the market.Han colocado un puesto de tacos en el mercado.
22. (legal)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el estrado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The witness was called to the stand.Llamaron al testigo al estrado.
23. (resistance)
a. la postura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have to take a stand against these job losses.Tenemos que tomar una postura y decir que no vamos a aceptar la pérdida de estos puestos de trabajo.
24. (for taxis)
a. la parada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a line of taxis waiting at the stand.Había una fila de taxis esperando en la parada.
25. (group)
a. el grupo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
See that stand of beech trees on the hill opposite?¿Ves ese grupo de hayas sobre la colina de enfrente?
stands
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
26. (sport)
a. las gradas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
All the moms were cheering from the stands.Todas las mamás estaban animando desde las gradas.
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