Quick answer
"Leave" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "irse de", and "abandon" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "abandonar". Learn more about the difference between "leave" and "abandon" below.
leave(
liv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to depart from)
a. irse de
She left the house, slamming the door behind her.Se fue de la casa dando un portazo.
b. marcharse de
He left the party in a huff.Se marchó enojado de la fiesta.
c. salir de
The parents asked the child to leave the room so that they could speak privately.Los padres le pidieron al niño que saliera del cuarto para que pudieran hablar en privado.
d. partir de
The ship left the port at dawn.El navío partió del puerto al amanecer.
2. (to abandon)
a. dejar
He left everything to join the army.Lo dejó todo para unirse al ejército.
b. abandonar
They say she left her husband for a younger man.Dicen que abandonó a su esposo por un hombre más joven.
3. (to put)
a. dejar
I don't know where I left my keys.No sé dónde dejé las llaves.
4. (to allow to remain)
a. dejar
Do you want me to leave the door open, or should I close it?¿Quieres que deje abierta la puerta, o la cierro?
5. (to forget)
a. dejar
I think I left my umbrella in the taxi.Creo que dejé mi paraguas en el taxi.
6. (to bequeath)
a. dejar
My grandfather left me five thousand dollars when he died.Mi abuelo me dejó cinco mil dólares cuando murió.
b. legar
Alicia's grandmother left her an apartment in the city.La abuela de Alicia le legó un apartamento en la ciudad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to depart)
a. salir
My flight leaves from O'Hare airport.Mi vuelo sale del aeropuerto O'Hare.
b. partir
What port did the ship leave from?¿De qué puerto partió el barco?
8. (to go away)
a. irse
He wasn't feeling well at the office, so he left.Él no se sentía bien en la oficina, así que se fue.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
9. (permission to be absent)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I am on leave from September 7th to September 15th.Estoy de permiso desde el 7 hasta el 15 de septiembre.
10. (permission)
a. el permiso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With your leave, I'll take a few soldiers and engage the raiding parties.Con su permiso, tomaré unos cuantos soldados y enfrentaré a los asaltantes.
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abandon(
uh
-
bahn
-
duhn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to desert)
a. abandonar
They were forced to abandon the ship when it ran aground.Se vieron obligados a abandonar el buque cuando encalló.
b. dejar
Esteban abandoned his family for a woman he met in another city.Esteban dejó a su familia por una mujer que conoció en otra ciudad.
2. (to surrender)
a. entregarse a
Arturo abandoned himself to gambling when he moved to Las Vegas.Arturo se entregó al juego cuando se mudó a Las Vegas.
b. abandonarse a
She closed her eyes and abandoned herself to his kisses.Cerró los ojos y se abandonó a sus besos.
3. (to give up)
a. renunciar a
The climbers have abandonded their attempt to reach the summit today.Los andinistas renunciaron al intento de llegar a la cima hoy.
b. abandonar
She abandoned hope for rescue, but still she felt compelled to survive.Abandonó la esperanza de que la rescataran, pero aún así se sentía compelida a sobrevivir.
c. perder
We never abandoned hope, and now a year later we received news that my sister is getting better.Nunca perdimos la esperanza, y ahora un año más tarde recibimos la noticia de que mi hermana se está mejorando.
d. suspender
After two weeks, they abandoned the search for the crew member who went overboard.Después de dos semanas, suspendieron la búsqueda del tripulante que cayó por la borda.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (lightheartedness)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'm sure my upstairs neighbor hates us for singing with abandon between 2 and 8 am.Estoy seguro de que mi vecina de arriba nos odia por cantar como locos entre las 2 y las 8 am.
Lucrecia danced with abandon on her wedding night.Lucrecia bailó desenfrenadamente en la noche de su boda.
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