Quick answer
"Lean" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar inclinado hacia", and "tilt" is a noun which is often translated as "la inclinación". Learn more about the difference between "lean" and "tilt" below.
lean(
lin
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to incline; used with "to")
a. estar inclinado hacia
Is it true that the Tower of Pisa leans to one side?¿Es verdad que la torre de Pisa está inclinada hacia un lado?
2. (to support oneself; used with "on" or "against")
a. apoyarse en
My grandfather leans on his cane to walk.Mi abuelo se apoya en su bastón para caminar.
3. (to tend; used with "to" or "toward")
a. inclinarse por
Left-wing parties lean toward social policies.Los partidos de izquierda se inclinan por políticas sociales.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not fatty)
a. magro
Lean meat is better for your healthLa carne magra es mejor para la salud.
b. sin grasa
Please use lean meat to make my hamburger.Por favor usa carne sin grasa para preparar mi hamburguesa.
5. (slim)
a. delgado
My son has been looking leaner since he's been living abroad.My hijo está más delgado desde que vive en el extranjero.
b. enjuto
The lean boy was an impressive runner.El chico enjuto era un corredor impresionante.
c. flaco
This cow is too lean. Are you feeding her properly?Esta vaca está demasiado flaca. ¿Le estás dando bien de comer?
6. (not prosperous)
a. malo
These are lean times for everyone, except for the wealthy.Son tiempos malos para todo el mundo, menos para los ricos.
b. pobre
The drought made this a really lean harvest season.La sequía ha hecho que esta temporada de cosecha haya sido realmente pobre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place; used with "against" or "on")
a. apoyar
The bricklayer leaned the ladder against the wall.El albañil apoyó la escalera contra la pared.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (slope)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wall has a slight lean.La pared tiene una ligera inclinación.
9. (culinary)
a. el magro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Go to the butcher's and buy two kilos of lean, please.Ve a la carnicería y compra dos kilos de magro, por favor.
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tilt
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (angle)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tilt of the birch tree creates a patch of shade in this part of the yard.La inclinación del abedul crea un trocito de sombra en esta parte del jardín.
b. el ladeo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I recognized the mobster by his baggy suit and the tilt of his hat.Reconocí al mafioso por su traje holgado y el ladeo de su sombrero.
2. (jousting)
a. la justa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The lords and ladies cheered the dark knight, victor of the royal tilt.Las damas y lores vitorearon al caballero negro, vencedor de la justa real.
b. el torneo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
One of the knights was badly injured in yesterday's tilt.Uno de los caballeros fue gravemente herido en el torneo de ayer.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(bias)
a. la tendencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The controversial senator is known for his leftist tilt.El controvertido senador es conocido por su tendencia izquierdista.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to incline)
a. inclinar
Robin Hood titled his bow slightly upwards and loosed his arrow.Robin Hood inclinó su arco ligeramente hacia arriba y soltó la flecha.
b. ladear
She tilted her head and frowned at me disapprovingly.Ladeó la cabeza y me frunció el ceño con desaprobación.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to slant)
a. inclinarse
I tilted back in my seat, closed my eyes, and drank in the sublime sounds of the orchestra.Me incliné hacia atrás en la butaca, cerré los ojos y me embebí en el sonido sublime de la orquesta.
b. ladearse
Why does that sign tilt like that?¿Por qué ese letrero se ladea así?
6. (to joust)
a. arremeter contra
The knight tilted at his opponent, his horse's hooves thundering underneath him.El caballero arremetió contra su adversario, las pezuñas de su caballo tronando debajo de él.
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