Quick answer
"Lean" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "estar inclinado hacia", and "slope" is a noun which is often translated as "la cuesta". Learn more about the difference between "lean" and "slope" below.
lean(
lin
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to incline; used with "to")
a. estar inclinado hacia
Is it true that the Tower of Pisa leans to one side?¿Es verdad que la torre de Pisa está inclinada hacia un lado?
2. (to support oneself; used with "on" or "against")
a. apoyarse en
My grandfather leans on his cane to walk.Mi abuelo se apoya en su bastón para caminar.
3. (to tend; used with "to" or "toward")
a. inclinarse por
Left-wing parties lean toward social policies.Los partidos de izquierda se inclinan por políticas sociales.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (not fatty)
a. magro
Lean meat is better for your healthLa carne magra es mejor para la salud.
b. sin grasa
Please use lean meat to make my hamburger.Por favor usa carne sin grasa para preparar mi hamburguesa.
5. (slim)
a. delgado
My son has been looking leaner since he's been living abroad.My hijo está más delgado desde que vive en el extranjero.
b. enjuto
The lean boy was an impressive runner.El chico enjuto era un corredor impresionante.
c. flaco
This cow is too lean. Are you feeding her properly?Esta vaca está demasiado flaca. ¿Le estás dando bien de comer?
6. (not prosperous)
a. malo
These are lean times for everyone, except for the wealthy.Son tiempos malos para todo el mundo, menos para los ricos.
b. pobre
The drought made this a really lean harvest season.La sequía ha hecho que esta temporada de cosecha haya sido realmente pobre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to place; used with "against" or "on")
a. apoyar
The bricklayer leaned the ladder against the wall.El albañil apoyó la escalera contra la pared.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (slope)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The wall has a slight lean.La pared tiene una ligera inclinación.
9. (culinary)
a. el magro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Go to the butcher's and buy two kilos of lean, please.Ve a la carnicería y compra dos kilos de magro, por favor.
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slope(
slop
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (sloping ground)
a. la cuesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You need to go up that slope until you reach the church, and then to turn right.Tienes que subir por esa cuesta hasta llegar a la iglesia, y entonces virar a la derecha.
b. la pendiente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This slope goes down to a square where there are lots of restaurants.Esta pendiente baja hasta una plaza donde hay muchos restaurantes.
c. el gradiente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
My house is just past that slope.Mi casa queda justo al otro lado de ese gradiente.
2. (side of a mountain)
a. la falda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We climbed the slope of the mountain so we could look out over the valley.Escalamos la falda de la montaña para poder tener una vista del valle.
b. la ladera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a mountain goat on the slope of the hill above us.Había una cabra montés en la ladera del cerro que quedaba por encima de nosotros.
3. (sports)
a. la pista de esquí
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Do you like skiing? This area has some of the best slopes in the Rockies.¿Te gusta esquiar? En esta zona están las mejores pistas de esquí de las Rocosas.
b. la cancha de esquí
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(Southern Cone)
The slopes were closed because there was no snow.Las canchas de esquí estaban cerradas porque no había nieve.
4. (angle)
a. la inclinación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The slope of the roof allows the snow to slide off.La inclinación del tejado permite que la nieve se deslice.
b. la pendiente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The river banks have a slope of seven degrees.Las orillas del río tienen una pendiente de siete grados.
5. (mathematics)
a. la pendiente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The slope of the line connecting the two points, or "m", is four thirds.La pendiente que conecta las dos líneas, o "m", es igual a cuatro tercios.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to be inclined)
a. inclinarse
In the attic, the ceiling slopes to the ground on either side.En la buhardilla, el techo se inclina a ambos lados hasta tocar el suelo.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
From that point onwards, the path slopes down toward the lighthouse.De ese punto en adelante, el camino desciende hacia el faro.
The ground slopes off from the river toward the town on top of the mountain.El terreno asciende desde el río hasta el pueblo que está en la cima de la montaña.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to build on an incline)
a. construir en declive
We sloped the driveway to keep the rainwater from puddling.Construimos la entrada al garaje en declive para evitar que se formaran charcos cuando llueve.
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