Quick answer
"Lay" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "poner", and "put" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "poner". Learn more about the difference between "lay" and "put" below.
lay(
ley
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to set down)
a. poner
We laid all of the decorations out on the table.Pusimos todos los adornos en la mesa.
b. extender (place flat)
After you're done ironing it, please just lay the dress on the bed.Después de haberlo planchado, por favor extiende el vestido sobre la cama.
2. (to inculpate)
a. echar
I can't believe she laid the blame on me for the whole accident!¡No puedo creer que ella me echó la culpa por todo el accidente!
3. (to birth)
a. poner (bird, reptile, insect)
One hen lays a maximum of one egg per day.Una gallina pone un máximo de un huevo por día.
b. desovar (fish, amphibian)
Frogs lay their eggs in water so that they don't dry up.Las ranas desovan sus huevos en el agua para que no se sequen.
4. (to install)
a. poner
He makes a living laying bricks for a construction company.Se gana la vida poniendo ladrillos para una empresa de construcción.
b. colocar
They laid the foundation of the building in less than a month.Ellos colocaron los cimientos del edificio en menos de un mes.
5. (to prepare) (United Kingdom)
a. poner
Please turn the television off and lay the table.Por favor, apaga el televisor y pon la mesa.
b. preparar
It's a good idea to lay the fire now while we still have sunlight.Es una buena idea preparar el fuego ahora, mientras todavía tengamos luz solar.
c. tender (a trap, cable)
The hunters laid a number of traps for the hares.Los cazadores tendieron varias trampas para las liebres.
6. (to wager)
a. hacer (a bet)
Thousands of bets have been laid on tonight's prize fight.Se han hecho miles de apuestas en la pelea de esta noche.
b. apostar
I'll lay you 50 pounds that Chelsea wins the league this year.Te apuesto 50 libras que Chelsea ganará la liga este año.
7.
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
(to have sex with)
a. tirarse a
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I wouldn't mind laying Jimmy's sister.No me importaría tirarme a la hermana de Jimmy.
b. coger
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Regionalism used in Central America: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
(Central America)
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
I laid him at the party last night. - You didn't!Lo cogí en la fiesta anoche. - ¿En serio?
c. follarse a
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society (e.g. fuck).
(vulgar)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I laid her in the park.Me la follé en el parque.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
8. (not religious)
a. laico
His father was a minister, but he preferred to pursue a lay career.Su padre fue un ministro, pero él prefirió dedicarse a una carrera laica.
b. lego
Though it began as a religious seminary, the university is now a lay organization.Aunque comenzó como un seminario religioso, la universidad es ahora una organización lega.
9. (not specialist)
a. lego
Can you summarize the findings in lay terms?¿Puede resumir lo descubierto en términos legos?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to produce eggs)
a. poner huevos
We bought three hens, but none of them lay.Compramos tres gallinas, pero ninguna pone huevos.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
11. (medieval poem)
a. la trova
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have to analyze three lays for my history class on Friday.Nos toca analizar tres trovas para mi clase de historia del viernes.
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put(
poot
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to place)
a. poner
I'm going to put a flower vase on the entry table.Voy a poner un florero en la mesa de la entrada.
b. colocar
Will you put the star on the Christmas tree, please?¿Colocarás la estrella en el árbol de Navidad, por favor?
c. meter
You can put the pizza in the oven when it gets to 425 degrees.Puedes meter la pizza en el horno cuando esté a 425 grados.
d. echar
Put some milk and sugar in my coffee, please.Échale leche y azúcar a mi café, por favor.
e. asomar
Is it raining outside? - I don't know. Put your head out the door and see for yourself.¿Está lloviendo afuera? - No lo sé. Asoma la cabeza por la puerta y mira por ti mismo.
f. dejar
I have some flowers for you. - Thanks. Just put them in the vase, please.Te tengo unas flores. - Gracias. Déjamelas en el florero, por favor.
g. guardar
I put the passports and money in the hotel safe.Guardé los pasaportes y el dinero en la caja fuerte del hotel.
h. introducir
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
After you've had a good look at the artifact, put it back in the case, please.Después de examinar bien el artefacto, introdúzcalo de nuevo en su caja, por favor.
2. (to cause to be)
a. poner
Let's surprise Alex with a cake. That'll put him in a good mood.Sorprendamos a Alex con un pastel. Eso lo pondrá de buen humor.
3. (to cause to do)
a. poner
We need to put everyone to work in order to have the place ready in time.Tenemos que ponerlos todos a trabajar si vamos a preparar el lugar a tiempo.
b. causar
I'd rather not put you through any trouble with this, but if you could help, I'd really appreciate it.Prefiero no causarte molestia con esto, pero si pudieras ayudar, te lo agradecería.
4. (to express)
a. decir
I wouldn't put it that way exactly. I think it's more a case of his lack of maturity.No diría eso precisamente. Más bien pienso que se trata de su falta de madurez.
b. expresar
How did I do with my speech? - I think you put it very well.¿Cómo me fue con el discurso? - Creo que lo expresaste muy bien.
c. traducir (from one language to another)
I'm not sure how to put this in Spanish.No sé cómo traducir esto al español.
5. (to invest)
a. invertir
He is putting a lot of money into his new project.Está invirtiendo mucho dinero en su nuevo proyecto.
6. (to estimate)
a. calcular
They put the profits for the next quarter at more than a million dollars.Se calcula que los beneficios del próximo trimestre serán más de un millón de dólares.
b. decir
I'd put Carlos at about 65 since I heard he retired a few years ago.Diría que Carlos tiene unos 65 años ya que escuché que se jubiló hace unos años.
c. estimar
I'd put the total spent on infrastructure at around a half a million pesos.Estimaría que el total que se ha gastado en la infraestructura está alrededor de medio millón de pesos.
7. (to rank)
a. poner
I'd put her among the greatest dancers I've ever seen.La pondría entre las mejores bailarinas que jamás he visto.
b. ser
Jacobo puts his physical condition first.Para Jacobo, la condición física es lo primero.
8. (sports)
a. lanzar
It is amazing to watch an athlete put a shot over 15 meters.Es asombroso mirar a un deportista lanzar un peso más de 15 metros.
9. (to write)
a. poner
Put your name on your paper and hand it in now please.Pon tu nombre en el papel, y entrégalo ahora por favor.
10. (to contribute)
a. contribuir con
Can you put something in for the office party?¿Puedes contribuir con algo para la fiesta de la oficina?
b. poner
I can put five dollars in for the tip.Puedo poner cinco dólares para la propina.
11. (to present)
a. exponer
Our lawyer wants to put the case before a jury.Nuestro abogado quiere exponer el caso ante un jurado.
b. presentar
The public will get to put their questions and complaints to the board this Thursday.El público podrá presentar sus preguntas y quejas a la mesa este jueves.
c. hacer
Now is your chance to put your questions to the mayor.Ahora es tu oportunidad para hacerle preguntas al alcalde.
d. someter
You have five minutes to put your proposal before the members.Tienes cinco minutos para someter tu propuesta a los socios.
12. (to bet)
a. apostar
I put $20 on American Pharaoh in the second race.Aposté $20 en American Pharoah en la segunda carrera.
13. (to assign)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
When are you going to get married? - It’s hard to put an exact date on it.¿Cuándo te vas a casar? - Es difícil establecer una fecha exacta.
You can't put a price on an honest and reliable friend.Un amigo honesto y fiable no tiene precio.
14. (to add) (United Kingdom)
a. añadir
The shipping charges put seven dollars on top of the total cost.Los cargos del envío añaden otros siete dólares encima del costo total.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
15. (nautical)
a. hacerse
The boats put to sea at dawn.Los barcos se hicieron a la mar al amanecer.
b. zarpar
We are going to put to sea for a week.Vamos a zarpar al mar por una semana.
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