Quick answer
"Jolly" is an adjective which is often translated as "alegre", and "pretty" is an adjective which is often translated as "bonito". Learn more about the difference between "jolly" and "pretty" below.
jolly
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (cheerful)
a. alegre
That jolly old man really looks like Santa Claus.Ese viejito alegre se parece mucho a Papá Noel.
We had a jolly Christmas party.Tuvimos una alegre fiesta navideña.
2. (pleasant)
a. agradable
I like Claudio. He has a jolly smile.Me cae bien Claudio, tiene una sonrisa agradable.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(intensifier) (United Kingdom)
a. muy
Did you enjoy the concert? - Oh yes, it was jolly good.¿Te gustó el concierto? - Oh, sí, estuvo muy bueno.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The children had a jolly time at the park today.Los niños se la pasaron bastante bien hoy en el parque.
Yes, it sounds like your Masters thesis was jolly difficult.Sí, parece que tu tesis de maestría fue difilicísimo.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to coax)
a. animar
He was going 25 in a 60 zone. I tried to jolly him with some hand signals, but he was not appreciative.Iba a 25 en una zona de 60. Traté de animarle mediante señas, pero no supo apreciarlo.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (a pleasure trip or tour made by an official at public expense) (United Kingdom)
a. el viajecito pagado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The prime minister was heavily criticized for his four-day jolly to Paris to be the guest of honor in a parade.El primer ministro fue severamente criticado por su viajecito pagado de cuatro días a París para ser el invitado de honor en un desfile.
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pretty(
prih
-
di
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (beautiful)
a. bonito
Look at that pretty girl with her mother.Mira a esa niña bonita con su madre.
b. lindo
The moon is so bright and pretty tonight.La luna es tan brillante y linda esta noche.
c. guapo (person)
All the girls in the band are so pretty.Todas las chicas del grupo son muy guapas.
d. hermoso
Your dress is so pretty, where did you get it?Tu vestido está hermoso, ¿dónde lo conseguiste?
e. mono
Fiona's little girl is very pretty.La niñita de Fiona es muy mona.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (considerably)
a. bastante
It turns out it is pretty hard.Resulta que es bastante duro.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to adorn; used with "up")
a. emperejilar
I can't stand seeing such young girls all prettied up as if they were models.No me gusta nada ver a niñas tan jóvenes todas emperejiladas como si fueran modelos.
b. emperifollar
Alice is still upstairs prettying herself up for prom.Alice aún está arriba emperifollándose para el baile de fin de curso.
c. engalanar
We're going to pretty up the garden and have the wedding reception there.Vamos a engalanar el jardín y hacer la boda allí.
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