Quick answer
"Job" is a noun which is often translated as "el trabajo", and "work" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "trabajar". Learn more about the difference between "job" and "work" below.
job(
jab
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (employment)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She got a job as a librarian.Consiguió un trabajo de bibliotecaria.
b. el empleo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He is out of a job at the moment.De momento, está sin empleo.
c. el puesto de trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The new business will create 50 jobs.El nuevo negocio creará 50 puestos de trabajo.
2. (duty)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It is your job to open and close the shop.Es responsabilidad suya abrir y cerrar la tienda.
When I was a kid, taking out the garbage was my job.Cuando era niño, yo era el encargado de sacar la basura.
3. (piece of work)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You did a very good job with that report.Hiciste un muy buen trabajo en ese informe.
b. la tarea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I have a really quick job for you.Te tengo una tarea muy fácil.
4. (computing)
a. la trabajo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I've got a large print job, so if anyone needs the printer, use it now.Tengo un trabajo de impresión grande, así que si alguien necesita la impresora, úsela ahora.
5.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(crime)
a. el golpe
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The movie is about a thief who does one last job before he retires.La película trata de un ladrón que da un último golpe antes de retirarse.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(difficult task)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Getting the kids to sleep was a heck of a job.Conseguir que se durmieran los niños fue tremendamente difícil.
That was quite the job you did, getting everyone to agree.Qué increíble fue que lograras que todos se pusieran de acuerdo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to do casual jobs)
a. trabajar esporádicamente
My grandfather still earns a little bit of money jobbing for neighbors.Mi abuelo todavía gana un poco de dinero trabajando esporádicamente para sus vecinos.
8. (to work as a middleman)
a. trabajar de intermediario
I've jobbed in the Midwest for nearly 25 years.Llevo casi 25 años trabajando de intermediario en el Medio Oeste.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9. (to buy and sell for profit)
a. comerciar en
My company jobs books, but it doesn't publish any.Mi empresa comercia en libros, pero no los publica.
10. (to subcontract)
a. subcontratar
We job the writing of the articles on our website to freelancers.Subcontratamos el escribir los artículos en nuestro sitio web a trabajadores por cuenta propia.
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work(
wuhrk
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be employed)
a. trabajar
I work from 9 am to 5 pm.Trabajo de 9 am a 5 pm.
2. (to operate)
a. funcionar
The washing machine doesn't work.La lavadora no funciona.
b. andar
That clock works off batteries.Ese reloj anda con pilas.
3. (to have effect)
a. funcionar
This ointment works quickly to relieve irritated skin.Esta pomada funciona rápidamente para aliviar las pieles irritadas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to manage)
a. manejar
I am often employed to work a crane.Me contratan a menudo para manejar la grúa.
b. operar
You shouldn't work heavy machinery after taking those pills.No se debe operar maquinaria pesada después de tomar esas pastillas.
5. (to make work)
a. hacer trabajar
They starved us and worked us non-stop.Nos mataban de hambre y nos hacían trabajar sin descanso.
6. (to achieve)
a. hacer
The ointment works wonders on rashes.La pomada hace maravillas para los sarpullidos.
7. (to cultivate)
a. labrar
My grandparents are sad that there is no one left to work the land.Mis abuelos están tristes que no haya quien labre la tierra.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (activity)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hope my work contributes to the fight against pollution.Espero que mi trabajo contribuya a la lucha contra la contaminación.
9. (employment)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My work is all-consuming.Mi trabajo consume todo mi tiempo.
10. (place of employment)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I had to speak French with a client today at work.Hoy en el trabajo tuve que hablar en francés con un cliente.
11. (product)
a. la obra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That is the work of an intelligent person.Esa es la obra de una persona inteligente.
12. (fine arts)
a. la obra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is a work of fiction.Es una obra de ficción.
works
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
13. (literature)
a. las obras
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I gave Tim the complete works of Shakespeare for his birthday.Le regalé a Tim las obras completas de Shakespeare por su cumpleaños.
14. (construction) (United Kingdom)
a. las obras
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There always seem to be works on that stretch of the motorway.Parece que ese tramo de la autopista siempre está en obras.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(everything)
a. todo entero
I'm so hungry, I'm going to order the works!Tengo tanta hambre que voy a pedir todo entero.
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