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Quick answer
"It" is a pronoun which is often translated as "lo", and "this" is a pronoun which is often translated as "este". Learn more about the difference between "it" and "this" below.
it(
iht
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (direct object)
a. lo (masculine)
I couldn't believe it.No lo podía creer.
b. la (feminine)
Buy some meat and cook it.Compra carne y cocínala.
2. (indirect object)
a. le
Why did you give it a name? It's a bike!¿Por qué le diste un nombre? ¡Es una bicicleta!
3. (after preposition)
a. él (masculine)
Here's the envelope. There's something inside it.Aquí esta el sobre. Hay algo dentro de él.
b. ella (feminine)
The child jumped into the bed, convinced that there was something under it.El niño brincó sobre la cama, convencido de que había algo debajo de ella.
c. ello (neuter)
Forget about it!¡Olvídate de ello!
4. (personal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I don't think it will fit in the car.No creo que cabrá dentro del coche.
It is heavier than I thought.Pesa más de lo que pensaba.
5. (impersonal)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It was a foggy night.Era una noche nublada.
It's raining cats and dogs out there!¡Está lloviendo a cántaros afuera!
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this(
thihs
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (demonstrative)
a. este (masculine)
This is my father's car.Este es el coche de mi padre.
b. esta (feminine)
This is the skirt I wore last night.Esta es la falda que llevé anoche.
c. esto (neuter)
All my life I've been looking for this.Llevo toda mi vida buscando esto.
d. así
Is this enough for you or would you like a bigger piece?¿Así te llega o quieres un trozo más grande?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (demonstrative)
a. este (masculine)
This winter has been the coldest one in twenty years.Este invierno ha sido el más frío en veinte años.
b. esta (feminine)
This house brings back so many memories.Esta casa me trae tantos recuerdos.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
3. (very)
a. tan
I've never been this sick in my life.En mi vida había estado tan enfermo.
b. así de
The box was this big.La caja era así de grande.
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