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Quick answer
"Have" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "tener", and "have been" is a copular verb which is often translated as "haber sido". Learn more about the difference between "have" and "have been" below.
have(
hahv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to possess)
a. tener
My parents have a home, a car, and three beautiful children.Mis padres tienen una casa, un carro y tres hijos bellos.
2. (to suffer)
a. tener
How do I know if my child has an infection?¿Cómo sé si mi hijo tiene una infección?
3. (to experience)
a. pasar
I had the worst time trying to quit smoking.Lo pasé muy mal cuando estaba tratando de dejar de fumar.
b. vivir
We've had some difficult times over the last few years.Vivimos unos momentos difíciles en los últimos años.
4. (to consume)
a. tomar
I would like to have mashed potatoes with my steak.Me gustaría tomar puré de patatas con el filete.
5. (to receive)
a. recibir
We had a lot of presents last Christmas.Recibimos muchos regalos las Navidades pasadas.
6. (to give birth to)
a. tener
My college roommate had a baby last week.Mi compañera de cuarto de la universidad tuvo un bebé la semana pasada.
7. (to allow)
a. permitir
I won't have this mess under my roof!¡No permitiré este caos bajo mi techo!
8. (causative use)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I had my car washed at the weekend.Llevé el coche a lavar el fin de semana.
I had my shirt cleaned at the laundry.Me lavaron la camisa en la lavandería.
9. (used to wish someone something)
a. que (in interjections)
Have a great time at the party!¡Que lo pases muy bien en la fiesta!
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (used in perfect tenses)
a. haber
You haven't been here before.No has estado aquí antes.
11. (to be obliged to)
a. tener que
I have to go to work tomorrow.Tengo que ir al trabajo mañana.
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have been(
hahv
 
bihn
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about permanent qualities)
a. haber sido
Yolanda has been the owner of this restaurant since 2003, when she acquired from her old boss.Yolanda ha sido la dueña de este restaurante desde 2003, cuando lo adquirió de su antiguo jefe.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for time periods)
I have been a teacher at this school for ten years.Llevo diez años como profesor en esta escuela.
You've been the one making all the decisions for too long. Give someone else a chance.Llevas demasiado tiempo siendo que el toma todas las decisiones. Dale oportunidad a otro.
2. (used to talk about temporary states)
a. haber estado
Everyone's been fed up with Greg's complaining.Todos han estado hartos de las quejas de Greg.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for specific time periods)
My friend has been in the United States for two years.Mi amigo lleva dos años en Estados Unidos.
You've been in the bathroom for 40 minutes! Come on!¡Llevas 40 minutos en el baño! ¡Vamos!
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (used to talk about permanent qualities)
a. haber sido
This park has always been for the whole community. We can’t let them privatize it.Este parque siempre ha sido para toda la comunidad. No podemos dejar que lo privaticen.
4. (used to talk about temporary states)
a. haber estado
Where have you been all day? We’ve been looking for you.¿Dónde has estado todo el día? Te estábamos buscando.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(for a specific time period)
Molly had been in Mexico for two years when she met Carlos.Molly llevaba dos años en México cuando conoció a Carlos.
The cat has been in the closet for 16 hours.El gato lleva 16 horas en el armario.
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