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Quick answer
"Inspect" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "inspeccionar", and "check" is a noun which is often translated as "el cheque". Learn more about the difference between "inspect" and "check" below.
inspect
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to look at closely)
a. inspeccionar
The customs agent inspected her passport, smiled, and stamped it.El agente de aduanas inspeccionó su pasaporte, sonrió y lo selló.
b. examinar
Upon inspecting the camera, he found that the lens cap was still on.Al examinar la cámara, encontró que la tapa del objetivo aún estaba puesta.
c. revisar
The dentist inspected her teeth to make sure she didn't have any cavities.La dentista le examinó los dientes para confirmar que no tenía caries.
2. (to examine officially)
a. inspeccionar
The fire marshal came to inspect the school to make sure everything was up to code.El inspector del departamento de bomberos vino a inspeccionar la escuela para comprobar que todo estuviera en regla.
b. pasar revista a (military)
The general will be arriving in the morning to inspect the troops.El general llegará en la mañana para pasar revista a las tropas.
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check(
chehk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (payment)
a. el cheque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They sent me a check by mail.Me mandaron un cheque por correo.
2. (bill)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la cuenta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Could you tell the waiter to bring us the check?¿Puedes decirle al mesero que nos traiga la cuenta?
3. (inspection)
a. la revisión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The border patrol did a perfunctory check of the trunk.La policía fronteriza hizo una revisión superficial de la cajuela.
b. el chequeo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm just going to give the engine a quick check.Solo voy a hacerle un chequeo rápido al motor.
4. (symbol)
a. la marca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She put a check in the box marked "single."Puso una marca en el cuadro que decía "soltera".
b. la palomita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I put a check next to everything on the to-do list.Puse una palomita a cada punto de la lista de quehaceres.
5. (control)
a. el control
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With no system of checks in place, chaos would reign.Sin sistema de control, dominaría el caos.
6. (material)
a. la tela a cuadros
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have the latests checks straight from the catwalk.Tenemos las últimas telas a cuadros directamente de la pasarela.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to inspect)
a. revisar
All passports will be checked at customs.Revisarán todos los pasaportes en la aduana.
b. chequear
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
They have to check the containers.Tienen que chequear los contenedores.
c. checar
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
She checked my suitcase on arrival.Me checó la maleta al llegar.
8. (to verify)
a. comprobar
Could you please check the address?Por favor, ¿podría comprobar la dirección?
b. fijarse
Can you check if I turned off the headlights?¿Te puedes fijar si apagué los faros?
9. (to stop)
a. detener
They managed to check the spread of malaria.Consiguieron detener la propagación de la malaria.
10. (to turn over luggage)
a. documentar
You have to check that suitcase, ma'am.Tienes que documentar esa maleta, señora.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to stop)
a. pararse en seco
The horse checked when it saw the wolf slinking out of the forest.El caballo se paró en seco al ver el lobo saliendo furtivamente del bosque.
12. (to verify)
a. ver
I don't think he's back yet. Let me check.Creo que todavía no regresó. Déjame ver.
b. checar
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
I think we're out of soap. I'm going to check.Creo que se nos acaba el jabón. Lo voy a checar.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
13. (chess)
a. el jaque
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't believe you moved your king there. Check!No puedo creer que moviste allí tu rey. ¡Jaque!
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
14. (checkered)
a. de cuadros
There was a red check tablecloth on the table.Había un mantel de cuadros rojos sobre la mesa.
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