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Quick answer
"Inform" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "informar", and "approve" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aprobar". Learn more about the difference between "inform" and "approve" below.
inform(
ihn
-
fawrm
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to apprise)
a. informar
Remember to inform your doctor if you are taking any other medication.No te olvides de informar al médico si estás tomando otros medicamentos.
b. avisar
Why weren't we informed of this beforehand?¿Por qué no se nos avisó de esto con anticipación?
c. comunicar
I regret to inform you that you have not been selected for the summer internship.Lamento comunicarte que no has sido seleccionado para la pasantía de este verano.
d. poner al corriente
My parents had a call from the police to inform them of what had happened with my brother.Los llamó la policía a mis padres para ponerlos al corriente de lo que había ocurrido con mi hermano.
2. (to shape)
a. informar
Living in Spain for six months informed my decision to live abroad after graduation.Vivir en España seis meses informó mi decisión de vivir en el extranjero después de graduarme.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to give incriminating information)
a. delatar
The police persuaded him to inform on his accomplices.La policía lo convenció para que delatara a sus cómplices.
b. denunciar
The authorities taught children to inform on their parents in case of abuse.Las autoridades enseñaron a los niños a denunciar a sus padres en caso de malos tratos.
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approve(
uh
-
pruv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to officially recognize)
a. aprobar
The board approved the directive, and we had to comply.La junta aprobó la directiva y tuvimos que acatarla.
b. dar el visto bueno a
A committee of professors approved the report before its submission.Un comité de catedráticos dio el visto bueno al informe antes de su presentación.
c. autorizar
The permit was approved by the authorities.El permiso fue autorizado por las autoridades.
2. (to agree with)
a. aprobar
I hadn't approved my son's decision, but now I see he made the right one.No aprobaba la decisión de mi hijo, pero ahora veo que tomó la correcta.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to agree; used with "of")
a. estar de acuerdo con
50% of the voters say they approve of the way the President is handling the campaign.El 50 % de los votantes afirma estar de acuerdo con la forma en que el Presidente está llevando la campaña.
b. aprobar
Things have changed, and now many people approve of same-sex marriage.Las cosas han cambiado y ahora muchos aprueban el matrimonio homosexual.
c. dar el visto bueno a
Neither my parents nor my teachers approved of my career choice.Ni mis padres ni mis profesores dieron el visto bueno a mi elección profesional.
d. gustar
At first my dad didn't approve of my boyfriend.Al principio a mi padre no le gustaba mi novio.
4. (to indicate that something is acceptable)
a. estar de acuerdo
I don't personally approve, but go for it if it makes you happy.Personalmente, no estoy de acuerdo, pero si a ti te hace feliz, adelante.
b. aprobar
I asked my boyfriend if the dress looked good on me, and he approved.Le pregunté a mi novio si el vestido me quedaba bien y él lo aprobó.
c. dar el visto bueno
My parents approved when I said I wanted to move out.Mis padres dieron el visto bueno cuando dije que me quería mudar.
d. dar su aprobación
He nodded as a sign that he approved.Asintió con la cabeza para indicar que daba su aprobación.
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