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Quick answer
"Increase" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "aumentar", and "decrease" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "disminuir". Learn more about the difference between "increase" and "decrease" below.
increase(
ihn
-
kris
,
ihn
-
kris
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to make greater)
a. aumentar
The factory has increased production during the last year.La fábrica ha aumentado su producción durante el último año.
b. subir
The company increased the prices of its products.La compañía subió los precios de sus productos.
c. incrementar
The demand increases the supply.La demanda incrementa la oferta.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to become greater)
a. aumentar
Camera quality on smartphones has increased thanks to new technology.La calidad de las cámaras en los teléfonos inteligentes aumentó gracias a nuevas tecnologías.
b. subir
Temperatures are increasing at a rapid pace.Las temperaturas están subiendo a un paso muy rápido.
c. incrementarse
Salaries have increased by 25% since 2002.Los salarios se han incrementado en un 25 % desde 2002.
d. crecer
Businesses have increased in number but not in size.Los negocios han crecido en número pero no en tamaño.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (rise)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The crime increase in 2015 is a reason for serious concern.El aumento de la criminalidad en 2015 es un motivo de preocupación grave.
b. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The tax increase will have an enormous impact on society.La subida de los impuestos tendrá un gran impacto social.
c. el incremento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was an increase in sales of 50% over the previous year.Se produjo un incremento del 50 % en las ventas con respecto al año anterior.
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decrease(
dih
-
kris
,
di
-
kris
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to cause to go down)
a. disminuir
Our aim is to decrease our impact on the environment.Nuestro objetivo es disminuir el impacto sobre el medio ambiente.
b. reducir
You can take simple steps to decrease the amount of fat in your body.Puedes seguir pasos sencillos para reducir la cantidad de grasa en tu cuerpo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to go down)
a. disminuir
As the pain decreased, he felt better.A medida que disminuía el dolor, se sentía mejor.
b. decaer
I was a huge fan at first, but my enthusiasm decreased with time.Al principio era un seguidor acérrimo, pero, con el tiempo, mi entusiamo decayó.
c. decrecer
The number of applications to enroll has decreased.Ha decrecido el número de solicitudes de inscripción.
d. bajar
Prices have decreased now that the new model has come on the market.Los precios han bajado ahora que el nuevo modelo salió a la venta.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (reduction)
a. la disminución
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This could explain the decrease in the mortality rate.Esto podría explicar la disminución del índice de mortalidad.
b. la reducción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The company announced a decrease in their prices.La empresa anunció una reducción de los precios.
c. el descenso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We have noticed a decrease in student numbers.Hemos notado un descenso en el número de estudiantes.
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