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Quick answer
"In the sun" is a phrase which is often translated as "al sol", and "against" is a preposition which is often translated as "contra". Learn more about the difference between "in the sun" and "against" below.
in the sun(
ihn
 
thuh
 
suhn
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. al sol
It's important to drink lots of water when you're in the sun all day.Es importante que bebas mucha agua cuando estás al sol todo el día.
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against(
uh
-
gehnst
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (in opposition)
a. contra
Swimming against the current of the river takes much effort.Nadar contra corriente del río exige mucho esfuerzo.
b. en contra de
The people of the town were against the developer's plans.La gente del pueblo estaba en contra de los planes de la promotora inmobiliaria.
2. (in contact with)
a. contra
Put the bookshelf against the far wall.Pon el librero contra aquella pared.
3. (in comparison)
a. contra
Your green eyes stand out against your tan complexion.Tus ojos verdes se destacan contra tu tez bronceada.
b. frente
The euro fell against the dollar.El euro bajó frente al dólar.
4. (in return for)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Delivery of the product is against presentation of the contract.La entrega del producto se hace al presentar el contrato.
We shall process the refund against your order once the paperwork reaches us.Procesaremos tu reembolso en cuanto nos llegue el papeleo de tu pedido.
5. (as protection from)
a. contra
Did you purchase insurance against fire for your new house?¿Contrataste un seguro contra incendios para tu casa nueva?
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (in opposition)
a. en contra
There were 15 in favor of the bill and 11 against.Hubo 15 a favor del proyecto de ley y 11 en contra.
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