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Quick answer
"In comparison with" is a phrase which is often translated as "en comparación con", and "to" is a preposition which is often translated as "a". Learn more about the difference between "in comparison with" and "to" below.
in comparison with(
ihn
 
kuhm
-
peh
-
rih
-
suhn
 
wihth
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. en comparación con
It rained a lot in comparison with last year.Llovió mucho en comparación con el año pasado.
b. comparado con
In comparison with the previous period, prices rose 13%.Comparado con el periodo anterior, los precios subieron un 13%.
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to(
tu
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. a
I'm going to your house.Voy a tu casa.
b. hacia
She walked to the woods.Caminó hacia el bosque.
2. (as far as)
a. hasta
I would run to your house right now just to see you!¡Correría hasta tu casa ahora mismo solo para verte!
3. (in order to)
a. a
I just came to say hello.Solo vine a saludar.
4. (used to indicate belonging)
a. de
All of those books belonged to my grandfather.Todos estos libros eran de mi abuelo.
5. (used to tell the time)
a. menos
It is a quarter to six.Son las seis menos cuarto.
6. (used to indicate proportion or range)
a. por
The birth ratio is 107 boys to 100 girls.La proporción de nacimientos es de 107 niños por 100 niñas.
7. (in comparisons)
a. a
Variable A is greater or equal to variable B.La variable A es mayor o igual a la variable B.
8. (resulting in)
a. para
To my surprise, he did not recognize me.Para mi sorpresa, él no me reconoció.
9. (in toasts)
a. por
Here's to the birthday girl! Cheers!¡Por la cumpleañera! ¡Salud!
10. (used to indicate position)
a. a
Turn to the left to exit.Gira a la izquierda para salir.
11. (infinitive particle)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I learned to drive when I was 17.Aprendí a manejar a los 17 años.
We need to work faster.Tenemos que trabajar más rápido.
12. (used in place of a verb)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I didn't want to tell you but I felt I had to.No quería decírtelo pero me vi obligada a hacerlo.
It's my party and I'll cry if I want to.Es mi fiesta y lloraré si quiero.
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