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Quick answer
"In case" is a conjunction which is often translated as "por si acaso", and "sentence" is a noun which is often translated as "la oración". Learn more about the difference between "in case" and "sentence" below.
in case(
ihn
 
keys
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (if)
a. por si acaso
In case you didn't know, they've canceled classes because of the snowstorm.Por si acaso no lo sabías, cancelaron las clases a causa de la tormenta de nieve.
2. (as a precaution)
a. por si
You'd better take a coat in case it gets cold out.Te conviene llevar un abrigo por si refresca.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
3. (in the event of; used with "of")
a. en caso de
In case of emergency, break this window.En caso de emergencia, rompa esta ventana.
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sentence(
sehn
-
tihns
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (grammar)
a. la oración
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A sentence must have a verb.Una oración debe llevar un verbo.
2. (legal)
a. la sentencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The sentence was delayed for two years.La sentencia fue pospuesta dos años.
b. el veredicto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The defendant breathed a sigh of relief after hearing the sentence.El acusado dio un suspiro de alivio después de oír el veredicto.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (law)
a. sentenciar
He can be sentenced to life in prison.Se le puede sentenciar a cadena perpetua.
b. condenar
The judge sentenced the defendant to four years in prison.El juez condenó al acusado a cuatro años de prisión.
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