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Quick answer
"If" is a conjunction which is often translated as "si", and "past perfect" is a noun which is often translated as "el pretérito perfecto compuesto". Learn more about the difference between "if" and "past perfect" below.
if(
ihf
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (conditional)
a. si
If I were a rich woman, I would travel the world.Si yo fuera rica, viajaría por el mundo.
2. (whether)
a. si
I do not know if they will like my cooking.No sé si les gustará mi comida.
3. (adversative)
a. aunque
It is a wonderful car, if rather expensive.Es un carro fabuloso, aunque bastante caro.
b. si bien
She's a good girl, if a little naive.Es una buna chica, si bien un poco inocente.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (assumption)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
If he enters the race—and that's a big if—he could receive many votes.Si entra a la carrera—y está por verse—podría recibir muchos votos.
The success of this project depends on a lot of ifs.El éxito de este proyecto depende de muchas suposiciones.
ifs
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (conditions)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Do your homework now, or you can't go to the movies. No ifs or buts!Haz la tarea ahora, o no puedes ir al cine. ¡Nada de peros!
Don't worry about the ifs, just enjoy the moment.Olvídate de las dudas y disfruta el momento.
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past perfect(
pahst
 
puhr
-
fekt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (grammar)
a. el pretérito perfecto compuesto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are going to review the past perfect this week.Vamos a repasar el pretérito perfecto compuesto esta semana.
b. el pretérito anterior
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We are going to learn the past perfect in French today.Vamos a aprender el pretérito anterior en francés hoy.
c. el pretérito pluscuamperfecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
How was the past perfect expressed in Latin?¿Cómo se expresaba el pretérito pluscuamperfecto en Latín?
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