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Quick answer
"Idiom" is a noun which is often translated as "el modismo", and "subject" is a noun which is often translated as "el tema". Learn more about the difference between "idiom" and "subject" below.
idiom(
ih
-
di
-
uhm
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (linguistics)
a. el modismo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Idioms present the greatest difficulties for learners of foreign languages.Los modismos presentan las dificultades más grandes para los estudiantes de lenguas extranjeras.
b. el giro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Idioms are difficult to understand because they cannot be translated directly.Los giros son difíciles de entender porque no pueden traducirse directamente.
2. (language)
a. el lenguaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Two historical linguists came to our university to study and document the patterns of this region's idiom.Dos lingüistas históricos vinieron a nuestra universidad para estudiar y documentar los patrones del lenguaje de esta región.
3. (style of expression)
a. el lenguaje
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The composer was praised for his original integration of the Baroque idiom with contemporary jazz music.El compositor fue alabado por su integración original del lenguaje barroco con la música jazz contemporánea.
b. el idioma
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
British films were thought to be too much in a middle-class or upper-class idiom.Se consideraba que las películas británicas usaban en exceso un idioma de clase media o alta.
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subject(
suhb
-
jekt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (person or thing being discussed)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please don't change the subject.Hazme el favor de no cambiar de tema.
b. el asunto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The war is still a sensitive subject in the Balkans.En los Balcanes la guerra todavía es un asunto delicado.
c. el objeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of condemnation or debate)
The new law has been a subject of intense public debate.La nueva ley ha sido objeto de un debate público intenso.
2. (area of study)
a. la asignatura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My favorite subject is Spanish.Mi asignatura favorita es español.
b. la materia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Which subjects do you teach?¿Qué materias imparte?
3. (grammar)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, every sentence must have a subject.En inglés, toda oración debe tener un sujeto.
4. (monarchy)
a. el súbdito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la súbdita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was born in Madagascar but has been a British subject since 2000.Nació en Madagascar pero es súbdito británico desde 2000.
5. (in science or medicine)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
At present, a clinical trial is being carried out with 1000 subjects.En estos momentos, se lleva a cabo un ensayo clínico en el que participan 1000 sujetos.
6. (music)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An underlying melody unites the fugue's subject with the prelude.Una melodía de fondo enlaza el tema de la fuga con el preludio.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (under)
a. sujeto
The terms of this contract are subject to the laws of the state.Los términos de este contrato están sujetos a la jurisdicción del estado.
8. (conditional upon)
a. sujeto
The pool hours are subject to changes in the weather.El horario de la piscina está sujeto a los cambios de tiempo.
9. (prone to)
a. propenso
I'm subject to headaches.Soy propensa a los dolores de cabeza.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to force to undergo)
a. someter
A San Diego gang leader subjected several women to slavery conditions.El líder de una pandilla de San Diego sometió a varias mujeres a condiciones de esclavitud.
11. (to subjugate)
a. someter
The Romans subjected the Carthaginians among many other peoples.Los romanos, entre muchos otros pueblos, sometieron también a los cartagineses.
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