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Quick answer
"Gouges" is a form of "gouge", a noun which is often translated as "la gubia". "Pitting" is a form of "pit", a noun which is often translated as "el hoyo". Learn more about the difference between "gouges" and "pitting" below.
gouge
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (tool)
a. la gubia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I use a mallet and a medium-sized gouge when I first start to shape the wood.Uso un mazo y una gubia mediana al empezar a darle forma a la madera.
2. (indentation)
a. el boquete
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Alex and Dan made big gouges in the plaster when they tried to get the sofa up the stairs.Alex y Dan hicieron grandes boquetes en el enlucido al tratar de subir el sofá por la escalera.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to perforate)
a. abrir
The iceberg gouged a hole in the side of the ship.El iceberg abrió un hueco en el costado del barco.
b. cavar
The quad bikes were gouging deep ruts into the field as they raced around.Las cuatrimotos cavaron surcos profundos en el terreno mientras corrían a toda velocidad.
c. excavar
During quarrying operations, the machinery had gouged a huge crater in the landscape.Durante las operaciones de extracción, la maquinaria había excavado un enorme cráter en el paisaje.
d. arrancar
The plane gouged a chunk out of the mountainside when it crashed.Al estrellarse, el avión arrancó una buena parte de la ladera de la montaña.
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pit(
piht
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (hole)
a. el hoyo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The animal fell into a pit in the ground.El animal cayó en un hoyo que había en la tierra.
b. el foso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They took all the garbage to a pit they had excavated outside the city.Se llevaron toda la basura a un foso que habían excavado en las afueras de la ciudad.
c. el pozo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
I hope the pits on the street are repaired soon.Espero que reparen pronto los pozos que hay en la calle.
2. (grave)
a. la fosa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We saw the gravediggers put the coffin into the pit.Vimos cómo los enterradores metían el ataúd a la fosa.
3. (hunting)
a. la trampa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The hunters made a pit to trap a bear.Los cazadores hicieron una trampa para atrapar un oso.
4. (depression)
a. el abismo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After her death, I found myself slowly falling into a pit of despair.Tras su muerte, me vi poco a poco sumido en un abismo de desesperación.
5. (mining)
a. la mina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(coal mine)
The coal pit closure was followed by multitudinous demonstrations.Manifestaciones multitudinarias siguieron al cierre de la mina de carbón.
b. la cantera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(quarry)
The marble was extracted from the pit and transported to other parts of the country.El mármol era extraído de la cantera y transportado a otras partes del país.
6. (athletics)
a. el foso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The athlete ran full speed and jumped into the pit.El atleta corrió a toda velocidad y saltó al foso.
7. (theater)
a. el foso orquestal
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for the orchestra)
All the musicians were already in the pit.Todos los músicos estaban ya en el foso orquestal.
b. la platea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(for the audience)
We got excellent seats in the pit.Conseguimos unos asientos excelentes en platea.
8. (finance)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el parqué
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The stock exchange operations are carried out from the pit.Las operaciones de la bolsa de valores se llevan a cabo desde el parqué.
9.
A word or phrase that is no longer used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another era (e.g. thou).
(archaic)
(fighting area)
a. la arena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fighting cocks were put in the pit.Pusieron a los gallos de pelea en la arena.
10. (stone of fruit)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el hueso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I swallowed the pit of the cherry by mistake.Me tragué el hueso de la cereza sin querer.
b. el carozo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ground was scattered with pits and there were no peaches left on the tree.El suelo estaba lleno de carozos y no quedaban duraznos en el árbol.
11. (indentation on the skin)
a. la marca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The smallpox left pits in his face.La viruela le dejó marcas en la cara.
b. la cicatriz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Acne can leave pits on your skin.El acné puede dejarte cicatrices en la piel.
12.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(bed) (United Kingdom)
a. el catre
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
He has nothing but a pit in his bedroom.Él no tiene más que un catre en su habitación.
13.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(hell)
a. el infierno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
After committing all those crimes, he's surely going straight to the pit.Después de cometer todos esos crímenes, seguro que va derecho al infierno.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
14. (to leave a mark)
a. marcar
The building facade was pitted by the gunfire.La fachada del edificio quedó marcada por los disparos.
b. dejar una marca
The knife pitted the wooden door.El cuchillo dejó una marca en la puerta de madera.
c. picar (on skin)
The sickness pitted his face forever.La enfermedad le dejó la cara picada para siempre.
15. (to remove the pit)
a. deshuesar
Don’t forget to pit those olives.No olvides deshuesar esas aceitunas.
b. descarozar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We peeled and pitted the plums for the pie.Pelamos y descarozamos las ciruelas para el pay.
16. (to set in combat)
a. enfrentar
They pitted two innocent dogs against each other for sheer entertainment.Enfrentaron a dos inocentes perros el uno con el otro por pura diversión.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
17. (to become marked)
a. hacerse una marca
You can pit if you scratch the rash.Puedes hacerte una marca si te rascas el sarpullido.
pits
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
18. (motor racing)
a. los boxes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Nowadays racing cars are no longer refueled at the pits.Hoy en día, los autos de carrera ya no recargan combustible en los boxes.
b. los pits
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The car's tires were changed at the pits.Cambiaron las llantas del auto en los pits.
19. (the worst)
a. lo peor
This class is the pits. I hate it.Esta clase es lo peor. La odio.
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