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Quick answer
"Go across" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "cruzar", and "through" is a preposition which is often translated as "por". Learn more about the difference between "go across" and "through" below.
go across(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (general)
a. cruzar
Don't go across the street without holding my hand.No cruces la calle sin agarrarme la mano.
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A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (from one side to the other)
a. por
Place the thread through the eye of the needle.Pasa el hilo por el ojo de la aguja.
b. a través de
The old mansion was just visible through the mist.La vieja mansión era apenas visible a través de la niebla.
2. (by means of)
a. a través de
I got my job through a friend of a friend.Conseguí el trabajo a través de un amigo de un amigo.
3. (indicating time)
a. durante
The supermarket will be selling pumpkins through the season.El supermercado venderá calabazas durante toda la temporada.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (from one side to the other)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Proceed through the intersection and take your first left.Pasa el cruce y toma la primera a la izquierda.
The dam stops the water from flowing through.La presa impide el paso del agua.
5. (from start to finish)
a. de principio a fin
I read the book through.Me leí el libro de principio a fin.
6. (completely)
a. completamente
The laundry is dried through.La colada está completamente seca.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (finished)
a. terminado
Are you through with your homework yet?¿Ya terminaste los deberes?
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