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Quick answer
"Earned" is a form of "earn", a transitive verb which is often translated as "ganar". "Given" is an adjective which is often translated as "dado". Learn more about the difference between "given" and "earned" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (specified)
a. dado
The friends made an agreement to meet at a given location, but she was the only one who showed up.Los amigos se pusieron de acuerdo para encontrarse en un lugar dado, pero ella fue la única que se presentó.
b. determinado
On the given day, all of the agents will activate behind enemy lines.El día determinado, todos los agentes se activarán tras las líneas enemigas.
2. (disposed)
a. dado
Some schizophrenics are given to experiencing hallucinations.Algunos esquizofrénicos son dados a experimentar alucinaciones.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
3. (in view of)
a. dado
Given the violence reported there in the news, I think it would be best if we didn't go.Dada la violencia reportada allí en las noticias, creo que sería mejor si no fuéramos.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
4. (considering)
a. dado que
Given she's only eight months old, it's amazing to see her walking already.Dado que tiene solo ocho meses, es asombroso verla caminar ya.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (obvious fact)
a. el dato conocido
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a given that if we leave the house five minutes late, we'll get there 15 minutes late.Es un dato conocido que si nos vamos de casa cinco minutos tarde, llegaremos 15 minutos tarde.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to gain income)
a. ganar
Did she earn a lot working for that company?¿Ganó mucho trabajando para aquella empresa?
b. cobrar
How much do you earn per hour?¿Cuánto cobras por hora?
2. (education)
a. obtener
In 1980, Johnson earned a master's degree in Electronics.En 1980, Johnson obtuvo un título de máster en electrónica.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to gain)
a. ganarse
He earned a decent living as a bartender.Se ganaba una buena vida como bárman.
The singer earned the audience's respect.El cantante se ganó el respeto del público.
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