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Quick answer
"Give" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "dar", and "illustrate" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ilustrar". Learn more about the difference between "give" and "illustrate" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to hand)
a. dar
Give me the sugar, please.Dame el azúcar, por favor.
2. (to gift)
a. dar
What are you going to give your father on his birthday?¿Qué le vas a dar a tu padre en su cumpleaños?
b. regalar
Santa Claus gave me a bike.Papá Noel me regaló una bici.
c. obsequiar
They gave us slippers at the hotel.Nos obsequiaron pantuflas en el hotel.
d. otorgar (formal)
Nelson Mandela was given the Nobel Prize.A Nelson Mandela le otorgaron el Premio Nobel.
3. (to provide)
a. dar
You've given me a really good idea.Me has dado una buenísima idea.
4. (to cause)
a. dar
Just talking about it gives me goosebumps.Solo con hablar de ello me dan escalofríos.
5. (to pay)
a. dar
The insurance gave me enough to cover the cost of a new tire.El seguro me dio suficiente para cubrir el costo de una llanta nueva.
6. (to introduce)
a. presentar
So without further ado, I give you the new Miss America.Sin más dilación, les presento a la nueva Miss América.
7. (to state)
a. dar
Can you give me the exact term?¿Puedes darme el término exacto?
8. (to provide as entertainment)
a. dar
I normally give a party at my house to celebrate spring.Normalmente doy una fiesta en mi casa para celebrar la primavera.
9. (to donate)
a. donar
Do you think it would be good to give these old plates to the shelter?¿Crees que sería bueno donar estos platos viejos al refugio?
10. (to pass along)
a. dar
I’m going to give you the same advice my dad gave me when I got married.Te voy a dar el mismo consejo que me dio mi papá cuando me casé.
11. (to dedicate)
a. dar
The activist gave her life to the protection of endangered species.La activista dio la vida por la protección de las especias en peligro de extinción.
12. (to sacrifice)
a. dar
The soldier gave his life to protect the country he loved.El soldado dio la vida para proteger el país que amaba.
13. (to offer)
a. dar
Will you give me your hand to steady myself?¿Me das la mano para sujetarme?
14. (to grant)
a. dar
Dad gave me permission to drive his car.Papá me dio permiso para conducir su coche.
15. (to produce)
a. dar
Our new cow gives a lot of milk.Nuestra vaca nueva da mucha leche.
This wool blanket gives a lot of heat.Esta cobija de lana da mucho calor.
16. (to care)
a. importar
I don't give a darn about baseball.Me importa un bledo el béisbol.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
17. (to collapse)
a. hundirse
The ceiling gave under the bombardment.El tejado se hundió a causa del bombardeo.
b. ceder
The floor gave because the wood was rotten.Cedió el piso porque la madera estaba podrida.
18. (to donate)
a. donar
We invite you to give so that these children have warm coats.Le invitamos a donar para que estos niños tengan abrigos calientes.
19. (to yield to a force)
a. ceder
She’s never going to give; you’d better stop asking.Nunca va a ceder; mejor deja de preguntarle.
b. dar de sí
The shoes gave after a few weeks, but they were still tight.Los zapatos dieron de sí después de unas semanas, pero todavía me apretaban.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
20. (flexibility)
a. la elasticidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
These pants don't have much give.Este pantalón no tiene mucha elasticidad.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to add drawings)
a. ilustrar
I write children's books, and my wife illustrates them.Escribo libros infantiles y mi esposa los ilustra.
2. (to serve as an example)
a. ilustrar
This next graph will illustrate the economic trend that I've been talking about.El siguiente gráfico ilustrará la tendencia económica de la que les he hablado.
b. demostrar
Her behavior today only illustrates my point about her attitude problems.Su comportamiento de hoy no hace más que demostrar mi observación sobre sus problemas de actitud.
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