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Quick answer
"Give up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dejar", and "surrender" is a noun which is often translated as "la rendición". Learn more about the difference between "give up" and "surrender" below.
give up(
gihv
 
uhp
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to renounce)
a. dejar (a habit or activity)
I'm trying to give up smoking.Estoy intentando dejar de fumar.
b. renunciar a (a job or a religion)
I had to give up my job to care for my mother.Tuve que renunciar a mi trabajo para cuidar a mi madre.
c. abandonar (an idea, studies, a fight)
She gave up university in the second year.Abandonó la carrera en el segundo año.
2. (to relinquish)
a. ceder
He gave up his seat to a lady with two young children.Cedió el asiento a una señora con dos niños pequeños.
3. (to hand over)
a. entregar
He gave his accomplices up to the authorities.Entregó sus cómplices a las autoridades.
4. (to surrender)
a. entregarse
The man later gave himself up to the police.Más tarde el hombre se entregó a la policía.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
5. (to quit)
a. rendirse
He gave up without a fight.Se rindió sin luchar.
b. darse por vencido
To succeed, you have to keep going and never give up.Para triunfar, tienes que seguir adelante y nunca darte por vencido.
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surrender(
suh
-
rehn
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (giving up)
a. la rendición
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dictator escaped following the surrender of the city.El dictador escapó tras la rendición de la ciudad.
2. (handover)
a. la entrega
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The allies demanded the surrender of all weapons.Los aliados exigieron la entrega de todas las armas.
3. (insurance)
a. el rescate
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What do I need to do to request the surrender of the policy?¿Qué hay que hacer para solicitar el rescate de la póliza?
4. (legal)
a. la cesión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The debtor may resort to voluntary surrender of property.El deudor puede recurrir a la cesión voluntaria de bienes.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to give in)
a. rendirse
Stop firing! We surrender.¡Dejen de disparar! Nos rendimos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to hand over)
a. entregar
You will be required to surrender your passport to the police.Tendrá que entregar su pasaporte a la policía.
b. rendir
The paramilitaries agreed to surrender their weapons.Los paramilitares aceptaron rendir sus armas.
7. (to relinquish)
a. renunciar a
They have surrendered their right to anonymity.Han renunciado a su derecho al anonimato.
8. (to yield)
a. rendirse
The missionaries surrendered themselves to the will of God.Los misioneros se rindieron a la voluntad de Dios.
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