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Quick answer
"Garbage" is a noun which is often translated as "la basura", and "waste" is a noun which is often translated as "la pérdida". Learn more about the difference between "garbage" and "waste" below.
garbage(
gar
-
bihj
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (refuse)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Would you mind leaving the garbage out at the curb for pickup?¿Te importaría dejar la basura en el bordillo para que la recojan?
b. los desechos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Composting is a way to convert organic garbage into something useful.El compostaje es una buena manera de convertir los desechos orgánicos en algo útil.
2. (worthless things)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. la porquería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The movie is garbage compared to the book.La película es una porquería en comparación con el libro.
b. los disparates
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The managers were talking garbage about their employees' work.Los gerentes estaban diciendo disparates sobre el trabajo de sus empleados.
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waste(
weyst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (loss of something valuable)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(time)
It was a waste of time.Fue una pérdida de tiempo.
b. el derroche
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(money)
The party for those ingrates was a waste of money.La fiesta para esos ingratos fue un derroche de dinero.
2. (not taken advantage of)
a. el desperdicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Having to work as a messenger is a waste of my talent.Es un desperdicio de mi talento tener que trabajar como mensajero.
3. (undesired leftovers)
a. el desperdicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The butcher sweeps up more than a kilo of waste per day.La carnicería junta más de un kilo de desperdicios del piso cada día.
b. los desechos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Take the kitchen waste out, please.Saca los desechos de la cocina, por favor.
c. los residuos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They hired a service to remove the company's toxic waste.Contrataron un servicio para remover los residuos tóxicos de la empresa.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to squander something valuable)
a. malgastar
He wasted his money on that car because it's a wreck.Malgastó su dinero en ese carro porque es un cacharro.
b. derrochar
She wasted her inheritance on designer clothes and expensive dinners.Derrochó su herencia en ropa de diseñador y cenas caras.
c. desperdiciar
You wasted my time by arriving so late.Desperdiciaste mi tiempo al llegar tan tarde.
d. despilfarrar
He wasted all his money on lottery tickets.Despilfarró todo su dinero en boletos de lotería.
5. (to squander an opportunity)
a. desaprovechar
The architect wasted space in his design of the bathroom.El arquitecto desaprovechó espacio en su diseño del baño.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to kill)
a. liquidar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
The kingpin wasted his enemies.El capo liquidó a sus enemigos.
b. cargarse
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
They wasted the terrorist who opened fire in the airport.Se cargaron al terrorista que abrió fuego en el aeropuerto.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (residual)
a. sobrante
The factory produces a ton of waste metal per month.La fábrica produce una tonelada de sobrantes de metal por mes.
b. residuo
The waste heat from the water heater helps to heat the house.El calor de residuo del calentón de agua ayuda a calentar la casa.
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