Quick answer
"Free" is an adjective which is often translated as "gratis", and "not" is an adverb which is often translated as "no". Learn more about the difference between "free" and "not" below.
free(
fri
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (without charge)
a. gratis
Shipping is free with that company.El envío es gratis a través de esa empresa.
b. gratuito
Would you like to try a free sample?¿Le gustaría probar una muestra gratuita?
2. (at liberty)
a. libre
He was in prison, but now he's free.Estuvo en la cárcel, pero ahora es libre.
3. (vacant)
a. libre
Do you know if this port-a-potty is free?¿Sabes si está libre este baño químico?
b. desocupado
This seat is free, if you'd like to sit.Este asiento está desocupado, si quiere sentarse.
4. (available)
a. libre
I'm afraid I'm not free on Monday. Is Tuesday convenient for you?Me temo que no estoy libre el lunes. ¿Le conviene el martes?
5. (generous)
a. generoso
He is always very free with his time and resources.Siempre es muy generoso con su tiempo y sus recursos.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (without charge)
a. gratis
We will deliver your food for free.Entregaremos su comida de gratis.
7. (without restriction)
a. libremente
We saw a herd of wild horses running free across the plain.Vimos una manada de caballos cimarrones corriendo libremente por la llanura.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to liberate)
a. liberar
All prisoners were freed from their chains.Liberaron a todos los prisioneros de sus cadenas.
b. soltar
Activists freed the chimps from their cages.Activistas soltaron los chimpancés de sus jaulas.
9. (to relieve)
a. librar
The mayor promised to free the city from the gang violence that had plagued it.El alcalde prometió librar la ciudad de la violencia pandillera que la había plagado.
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not(
nat
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (with auxiliary verbs)
a. no
I am not the kind of person you think I am.No soy la clase de persona que tú crees que soy.
She does not have any money.No tiene dinero.
2. (with modal verbs)
a. no
He would not like it if he found you at his computer.No le haría ninguna gracia encontrarte utilizando su computadora.
You must not tell lies.No debes decir mentiras.
3. (preceding an infinitive clause)
a. no
We swore not to tell anybody about that night.Juramos que no le diríamos nada a nadie sobre esa noche.
4. (as a conjunction with "that")
a. no
I had to do it myself; not that it matters, but what do we pay him for?Lo tuve que hacer yo misma; no es que me importe, pero ¿para qué le pagamos?
5. (replacing a negative answer)
a. no
Are you angry with me? - Of course not!¿Estás enfadada conmigo? - ¡Claro que no!
Is it going to rain? - I hope not!¿Va a llover? - ¡Espero que no!
6. (negating a specific word)
a. no
Not everybody would agree with you.No todo el mundo estaría de acuerdo contigo.
b. ni
Not one word of comfort coming from him!¡Ni una palabra de consuelo salió de su boca!
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