Quick answer
"Forfeit" is a noun which is often translated as "la multa", and "relinquish" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "renunciar a". Learn more about the difference between "forfeit" and "relinquish" below.
forfeit(
fawr
-
fiht
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (legal)
a. la multa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She chose to pay a forfeit rather than continue with her contract.Ella optó por pagar una multa en lugar de continuar con el contrato.
The forfeit must be paid in full in a week's time.La multa tiene que pagarse en su totalidad de hoy en ocho días.
b. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The forfeit of his right to vote was a result of being declared a felon.La pérdida de su derecho de votar fue consecuencia de que lo declararan culpable de un delito.
c. la sanción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The judge imposed a forfeit of $500 to be paid to the aggrieved party.El juez impuso una sanción de $500 pagaderos a la parte demandante.
2. (sports)
a. el walkover
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The team hoped to win by forfeit since the team they were up against was much stronger.El equipo esperaba ganar por walkover, ya que el equipo contra el cual se enfrentaba era mucho más fuerte.
b. la retirada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We were winning, but we lost by forfeit.Íbamos ganando, pero perdimos por retirada.
3. (game)
a. la prenda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Martin spun the bottle and had to take off his shirt as a forfeit.Martin hizo girar la botella y tuvo que quitarse la camisa como prenda.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (sports)
a. perder por descalificación
Even though they were winning, once their fifth player got a red card, they forfeited.Aunque iban ganando, una vez que el quinto jugador recibió una tarjeta roja, perdieron por descalificación.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to give up)
a. perder
When you get in my car, you forfeit the right to complain about my driving.Cuando te subes a mi coche, pierdes el derecho de quejarte de cómo manejo.
b. renunciar a
Charlotte was willing to forfeit her own life to attempt to revive John.Charlotte estaba dispuesta a renunciar a su propia vida en un intento de resucitar a John.
c. sacrificar
The girls were willing to forfeit a day off to train for the game.Las chicas estaban dispuestas a sacrificar un día libre para entrenar para el partido.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (lost)
a. confiscado
The king declared all lands held by those of a religion different from his to be forfeit.El rey declaró que todas las tierras ocupadas por personas de una religión distinta a la de él resultarían confiscadas.
b. perdido
My compassion is forfeit, and I owe it all to those who mistook kindness for weakness.Mi compasión está perdida, y todo se lo debo a los que confundieron la generosidad por la debilidad.
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relinquish
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to give up)
a. renunciar a
Mason relinquished his right to interfere in the affairs of the company when he sold his shares.Mason renunció a su derecho de meterse en los asuntos de la empresa cuando vendió sus acciones.
b. ceder
Juanita's brother relinquished the deed to the house to her when he moved to China.El hermano de Juanita le cedió el título de propiedad de la casa cuando se mudó a China.
c. dimitir de
The captain relinquished his post in the face of the mutiny.El capitán dimitió de su cargo ante el motín.
2. (to let go)
a. soltar
The knight breathed and relinquished his grip on the sword.El caballero respiró y soltó la espada.
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