Quick answer
"Finish" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "terminar", and "begin" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "empezar". Learn more about the difference between "finish" and "begin" below.
finish(
fih
-
nihsh
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to complete)
a. terminar
I finished my homework. Can I go play outside?Terminé mi tarea. ¿Puedo salir a jugar?
b. acabar
Did you finish your chores?¿Acabaste los deberes?
2. (to use up)
a. terminar
You can finish the noodles if you want to.Puedes terminar los fideos si quieres.
b. acabar
If you finish the juice, please put another bottle in the refrigerator.Si acabas el jugo, por favor pon otra botella en el refrigerador.
3. (to defeat)
a. acabar con
"I'm going to finish him once and for all!" boomed the villain."¡Voy a acabar con él de una vez por todas!" gritó el villano.
4. (used with a gerund)
a. terminar de
We'll finish papering the room over the weekend.Terminaremos de empapelar la habitación durante el fin de semana.
b. acabar de
Did you finish eating? Can I clear the table?¿Acabaron de comer? ¿Puedo quitar la mesa?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to reach the conclusion)
a. terminar
When the movie finishes, let's go get some dinner.Cuando termine la película, vamos a cenar algo.
b. acabar
I was sad when my favorite show finished.Me puse triste cuando acabó mi programa favorito.
6. (to complete)
a. terminar
If you've finished, please turn the page.Si ya terminaste, por favor da vuelta la página.
b. acabar
Are you finished? I want to go to the taco stand before it closes.¿Ya acabaste? Quiero ir a la taquería antes de que cierre.
7. (to end)
a. acabarse
Classes are finished! I'm going to sleep in every day during the summer.¡Las clases ya se acabaron! Voy a levantarme tarde todos los días del verano.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (end)
a. el final
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
"This is going to be a close finish, folks," said the announcer."Va a ser un final reñido, amigos," dijo el locutor.
9. (coating)
a. el acabado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The finish on your grandfather's desk came out really well.El acabado del escritorio de tu abuelo quedó muy bien.
10. (finish line)
a. la meta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'll be waiting for you at the finish to take your picture.Te estaré esperando en la meta para tomarte una foto.
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begin(
bi
-
gihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to start)
a. empezar
We began the exam at noon.Empezamos el examen a mediodía.
b. comenzar
I like to begin the day with a cup of hot coffee.Me gusta comenzar el día con una taza de café caliente.
c. iniciar
Next week, we begin a new phase for our company.La semana que viene iniciaremos una nueva etapa en nuestra empresa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to start)
a. empezar
Let me begin by thanking you for being here this afternoon.Déjenme empezar por agradecerles que estén aquí esta tarde.
b. comenzar
We were waiting at the bus stop when the storm started.Estábamos esperando en la parada de autobús cuando comenzó la tormenta.
c. iniciarse
The new healthcare program begins January 1st.Se iniciará el nuevo programa sanitario el primero de enero.
3. (to originate)
a. originarse
The tradition of the American boarding school began in England.La tradición del internado estadounidense se originó en Inglaterra.
b. nacer (river)
The Amazon River begins in Peru.El río Amazonas nace en Perú.
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