Quick answer
"Fault" is a noun which is often translated as "la culpa", and "mistake" is a noun which is often translated as "el error". Learn more about the difference between "fault" and "mistake" below.
fault(
falt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (responsibility)
a. la culpa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm sorry; it's my fault your white T-shirts are pink now.Lo siento; es mi culpa que tus camisetas blancas sean rosas ahora.
2. (flaw in someone)
a. el defecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He thinks his new girlfriend has no faults.Cree que su nueva novia no tiene defectos.
3. (flaw in something)
a. el defecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a fault in the circuit board. It needs to be replaced.Hay un defecto en la placa de circuitos. Hay que reemplazarla.
b. la avería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We need to find the fault in this machine so we can get it running again.Hay que hallar la avería en esta máquina para poder echarla a andar de nuevo.
c. la falla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Heating systems generally break down because of a lack of maintenance and not because of a major fault.Los sistemas de calefacción no suelen descomponerse por una falla grave sino por falta de mantenimiento.
d. el fallo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The plane was delayed from taking off so the mechanics could fix a fault in the engine.Se retrasó el despegue del avión para que los mecánicos pudieran arreglar un fallo del motor.
4. (sports)
a. la falta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(tennis)
He had one fault against him and couldn't allow another.Tenía una falta en su contra y no podía permitirse otra.
5. (geology)
a. la falla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Energy release associated with movement on active faults is the cause of most earthquakes.La liberación de energía asociada con el movimiento que se produce en fallas activas suele ser la causa de los terremotos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to censure)
a. criticar
I cannot fault that rendition of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. It was perfect.No puedo criticar esa interpretación de la Quinta Sinfonía de Beethoven. Estuvo perfecta.
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mistake(
mih
-
steyk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (gaffe, bad move)
a. el error
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She made a few grammar mistakes but had perfect pronunciation.Hizo algunos errores gramaticales, pero su pronunciación era perfecta.
b. la equivocación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Coming to live here was a total mistake.Venir a vivir aquí fue una equivocación total.
2. (misunderstanding)
a. la equivocación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We sent it to you by mistake.Se lo enviamos por equivocación.
b. el error
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There must be some mistake. I've never been to Arizona.Tiene que haber algún error. Yo nunca he estado en Arizona.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
3. (to wrongly identify)
a. confundir
They often mistook her for a famous model.A menudo la confundían con una modelo famosa.
4. (to fail to recognize)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It's impossible to mistake its smell.Su olor es inconfundible.
There's no mistaking her for a feeble woman.Está claro que no es una mujer débil.
5. (to misinterpret)
a. malinterpretar
The media mistook everything I said.Los medios de comunicación malinterpretaron todo lo que dije.
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