Quick answer
"Fault" is a noun which is often translated as "la culpa", and "failure" is a noun which is often translated as "el fracaso". Learn more about the difference between "fault" and "failure" below.
fault(
falt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (responsibility)
a. la culpa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm sorry; it's my fault your white T-shirts are pink now.Lo siento; es mi culpa que tus camisetas blancas sean rosas ahora.
2. (flaw in someone)
a. el defecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He thinks his new girlfriend has no faults.Cree que su nueva novia no tiene defectos.
3. (flaw in something)
a. el defecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There is a fault in the circuit board. It needs to be replaced.Hay un defecto en la placa de circuitos. Hay que reemplazarla.
b. la avería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We need to find the fault in this machine so we can get it running again.Hay que hallar la avería en esta máquina para poder echarla a andar de nuevo.
c. la falla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Heating systems generally break down because of a lack of maintenance and not because of a major fault.Los sistemas de calefacción no suelen descomponerse por una falla grave sino por falta de mantenimiento.
d. el fallo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
The plane was delayed from taking off so the mechanics could fix a fault in the engine.Se retrasó el despegue del avión para que los mecánicos pudieran arreglar un fallo del motor.
4. (sports)
a. la falta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(tennis)
He had one fault against him and couldn't allow another.Tenía una falta en su contra y no podía permitirse otra.
5. (geology)
a. la falla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Energy release associated with movement on active faults is the cause of most earthquakes.La liberación de energía asociada con el movimiento que se produce en fallas activas suele ser la causa de los terremotos.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to censure)
a. criticar
I cannot fault that rendition of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. It was perfect.No puedo criticar esa interpretación de la Quinta Sinfonía de Beethoven. Estuvo perfecta.
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failure(
feyl
-
yuhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (lack of success)
a. el fracaso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The leaders could not agree and the meeting was a failure.Los líderes no pudieron ponerse de acuerdo y la reunión fue un fracaso.
2. (defect)
a. la avería
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A failure in the electrical system caused the fire.Una avería en el sistema eléctrico provocó el incendio.
b. el fallo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The engine experienced a failure and stopped working.El motor tenía un fallo y dejó de funcionar.
3. (unsuccessful person)
a. el fracasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la fracasada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm a failure who will never accomplish anything in life!¡Soy un fracasado que no conseguirá hacer nada en la vida!
4. (bankruptcy)
a. la quiebra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The failure of the company was caused by the financial crisis.La quiebra de la empresa se debió a la crisis económica.
5. (omission)
a. la falta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They're cutting off your power due to failure to pay your bill.Te van a cortar la luz por falta de pago.
6. (medical deterioration)
a. la insuficiencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Due to renal and cardiac failure, they had to put the old cat to sleep.Debido a la insuficiencia renal y cardíaca, tuvieron que sacrificar al gato viejo.
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