Quick answer
"Fall" is a noun which is often translated as "el otoño", and "spring" is a noun which is often translated as "la primavera". Learn more about the difference between "fall" and "spring" below.
fall(
fal
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el otoño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Fall is my favorite season of the year.El otoño es mi estación favorita del año.
2. (accident)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had a bad fall and broke his leg.Tuvo una mala caída y se rompió la pierna.
3. (decline or defeat)
a. la baja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of gas prices is good news for drivers.La baja de la gasolina es una buena noticia para los conductores.
b. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of the Aztecs is attributed to the arrival of Hernán Cortés.Se atribuye la caída del imperio azteca a la llegada de Hernán Cortés.
4. (act of falling)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She watched the fall of the leaves.Vio la caída de las hojas.
5. (distance)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a long fall from the top of the mountain to the valley below.Es una caída larga de la cima de la montaña hasta el valle abajo.
6. (slope)
a. el desnivel
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She could easily see a fall in the field from atop the hill.Pudo ver fácilmente el desnivel del campo desde la cima del monte.
b. el declive
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The overflowing river soon caused a fall in the terrain.El río desbordado pronto causó un declive en el terreno.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to decrease)
a. caer
The temperature fell below zero.Las temperaturas cayeron bajo cero.
8. (to be defeated)
a. caer
The harbor has fallen to the enemy army.El puerto ha caído en manos del ejército enemigo.
9. (to die)
a. caer
The soldier fell in battle.El soldado cayó en el campo de batalla.
10. (to move unexpectedly towards the ground)
a. caerse
She slipped and fell on the ice.Se resbaló y se cayó en el hielo.
b. caer
The vase fell to the ground with a loud crash.El jarrón cayó al suelo con gran estrépito.
falls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
11. (waterfall)
a. el salto de agua
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The canoes were getting closer and closer to the falls.Las canoas estaban cada vez más cerca del salto de agua.
b. la caída de agua
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls are 30 meters high.La caída de agua tiene 30 m de altura.
c. la cascada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a wonderful spot, and in that silence you could only hear the sound of the falls.Era un paraje maravilloso, y en aquel silencio solo se escuchaba el sonido de la cascada.
d. la catarata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls made a deafening noise.La catarata hacía un ruido ensordecedor.
e. las cataratas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When we went to Brazil, we visited the Iguazu Falls.Cuando estuvimos en Brasil, visitamos las cataratas del Iguazú.
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spring
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. la primavera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I love to watch how the robins play in the puddles in spring.Me encanta ver cómo los petirrojos juegan en los charcos en la primavera.
2. (water source)
a. el manantial
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They walked down to the spring to take a dip.Fueron caminando hasta el manantial para echarse un chapuzón.
b. la fuente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The water from that spring is full of minerals.El agua de esa fuente está llena de minerales.
3. (coil of metal)
a. el muelle
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can feel every spring in this mattress when I sleep.Puedo sentir cada uno de los muelles de este colchón cuando duermo.
b. el resorte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need a spring replaced in my watch.Necesito reemplazar uno de los resortes de mi reloj.
4. (leap)
a. el salto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With a single spring, the cat went from the floor to the counter.Con un solo salto, el gato fue desde el piso hasta la encimera.
b. el brinco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She gave a spring and landed on the other side of the fence.Ella dio un brinco y calló del otro lado de la cerca.
5. (elasticity)
a. la elasticidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My hairband has lost its spring.Mi cinta para el cabello ya no tiene elasticidad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to jump)
a. brincar
All of a sudden, the grasshopper sprang from the leaf to my hand.De repente, el saltamontes brincó de la hoja a mi mano.
b. saltar
The rabbit sprang from the hill to its burrow.El conejo saltó de la colina hasta su madriguera.
7. (to come into being)
a. brotar
The business idea sprang from a conversation he had had with his brother.La idea para el negocio brotó de una conversación que había tenido con su hermano.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to reveal suddenly)
a. soltar
You can't just spring this conversation on me when I'm about to leave.No puedes soltarme esta conversación justo cuando me voy a ir.
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