Quick answer
"Face" is a noun which is often translated as "la cara", and "fall" is a noun which is often translated as "el otoño". Learn more about the difference between "face" and "fall" below.
face(
feys
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (anatomy)
a. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She protected her face from the cold with her scarf.Se protegió la cara del frío con la bufanda.
b. el rostro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The expression on her face said it all.La expresión de su rostro lo decía todo.
2. (person)
a. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was very nice to arrive at a place with so many familiar faces.Fue muy agradable llegar a un sitio con tantas caras conocidas.
3. (expression)
a. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They put on a brave face after hearing the bad news.Pusieron buena cara a las malas noticias.
4. (surface)
a. la faz
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She had completely vanished from the face of the Earth.Había desaparecido por completo de la faz de la Tierra.
b. la fachada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They are renovating the face of city hall.Están renovando la fachada del ayuntamiento.
c. la superficie
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Write what the contents are on the face of the box.Escribe los contenidos sobre la superficie de la caja.
d. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(coin)
There is an inscription on the face of the coin.Hay una inscripción en la cara de la moneda.
e. la esfera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(clock)
The crystal protects the face of the clock.El vidrio protege la esfera del reloj.
f. la pared
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(mountain)
Today we are going to climb that face of the cliff.Hoy vamos a escalar esa pared del acantilado.
5. (aspect)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Due to the changing face of Europe, the treaty could not be signed.Debido a la cambiante fisonomía de Europa, no se pudo firmar el tratado.
Tonight's report focuses on the hidden face of campaign finance.El informe de esta noche se centra en el aspecto oculto de las finanzas de campañas.
6. (insolence)
a. el descaro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She had the face to come back after all she had done.Tuvo el descaro de volver después de todo lo que había hecho.
7. (typography)
a. el tipo de letra
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's probably best to avoid using novelty faces on your résumé.Quizá sea mejor evitar usar tipos de letra efectistas en tu currículum.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to be opposite)
a. dar a
My room faces the sea.Mi habitación da al mar.
b. mirar a
We prefer to sit facing the window.Preferimos sentarnos mirando a la ventana.
9. (to confront)
a. afrontar
We have to face the consequences of our actions.Hemos de afrontar las consecuencias de nuestros actos.
b. hacer frente
You have to face your problems to solve them.Tienes que hacer frente a tus problemas para solucionarlos.
c. enfrentarse
If you don't face him, you are a coward.Si no te enfrentas a él, eres un cobarde.
10. (to cover)
a. recubrir
The wall of the building was faced with hundreds of glass pieces.El muro del edificio estaba recubierto de cientos de trozos de cristal.
b. forrar (sewing)
The skirt was faced with satin.La falda estaba forrada de raso.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to be oriented)
a. mirar
The living room windows face eastward, so the room gets great light in the morning.Las ventanas de la sala de estar miran hacia el este, así que el cuarto recibe bastante luz por la mañana.
12. (to turn)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I didn't know which way to face.No sabía en qué dirección volverme.
Soldiers, right face!¡Soldados, a la derecha!
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fall(
fal
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el otoño
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Fall is my favorite season of the year.El otoño es mi estación favorita del año.
2. (accident)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had a bad fall and broke his leg.Tuvo una mala caída y se rompió la pierna.
3. (decline or defeat)
a. la baja
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of gas prices is good news for drivers.La baja de la gasolina es una buena noticia para los conductores.
b. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fall of the Aztecs is attributed to the arrival of Hernán Cortés.Se atribuye la caída del imperio azteca a la llegada de Hernán Cortés.
4. (act of falling)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She watched the fall of the leaves.Vio la caída de las hojas.
5. (distance)
a. la caída
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's a long fall from the top of the mountain to the valley below.Es una caída larga de la cima de la montaña hasta el valle abajo.
6. (slope)
a. el desnivel
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She could easily see a fall in the field from atop the hill.Pudo ver fácilmente el desnivel del campo desde la cima del monte.
b. el declive
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The overflowing river soon caused a fall in the terrain.El río desbordado pronto causó un declive en el terreno.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
7. (to decrease)
a. caer
The temperature fell below zero.Las temperaturas cayeron bajo cero.
8. (to be defeated)
a. caer
The harbor has fallen to the enemy army.El puerto ha caído en manos del ejército enemigo.
9. (to die)
a. caer
The soldier fell in battle.El soldado cayó en el campo de batalla.
10. (to move unexpectedly towards the ground)
a. caerse
She slipped and fell on the ice.Se resbaló y se cayó en el hielo.
b. caer
The vase fell to the ground with a loud crash.El jarrón cayó al suelo con gran estrépito.
falls
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
11. (waterfall)
a. el salto de agua
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The canoes were getting closer and closer to the falls.Las canoas estaban cada vez más cerca del salto de agua.
b. la caída de agua
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls are 30 meters high.La caída de agua tiene 30 m de altura.
c. la cascada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was a wonderful spot, and in that silence you could only hear the sound of the falls.Era un paraje maravilloso, y en aquel silencio solo se escuchaba el sonido de la cascada.
d. la catarata
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The falls made a deafening noise.La catarata hacía un ruido ensordecedor.
e. las cataratas
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
When we went to Brazil, we visited the Iguazu Falls.Cuando estuvimos en Brasil, visitamos las cataratas del Iguazú.
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