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Quick answer
"Extrañar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to miss", and "regañar" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "to scold". Learn more about the difference between "extrañar" and "regañar" below.
extrañar(
ehks
-
trah
-
nyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to feel the absence of)
a. to miss
Extraño mucho a mi familia cuando estoy de viaje.I miss my family a lot when I'm traveling.
2. (to amaze)
a. to surprise
Me extraña que no haya venido a trabajar.It surprises me that she didn't come to work.
3. (legal)
a. to banish
Extrañaron al traidor a otro territorio.They banished the traitor to another country.
extrañarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to be amazed)
a. to be surprised
Me extrañé de que no se acordara de mi cumpleaños.I was surprised that she didn't remember my birthday.
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regañar(
rreh
-
gah
-
nyahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to reprimand)
a. to scold
Su madre lo regañó por no llevar calcetines.His mother scolded him for not wearing socks.
b. to tell off (colloquial)
Me regañaron por no cerrar la puerta con llave.I was told off for not locking the door.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to argue)
a. to quarrel (formal)
La pareja regañó por la cuestión de cómo educar a su hijo.The couple quarreled over the question of how to bring up their son.
b. to fall out
Los amigos regañaron por un asunto que tenía que ver con un equipo de fútbol.The friends fell out over an issue having to do with a soccer team.
3. (to complain)
a. to grumble
La mujer se marchó de la tienda regañando sobre los precios.The woman stormed out of the shop grumbling about the prices.
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