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Quick answer
"Extinguirse" is a pronominal verb which is often translated as "to go out", and "pronto" is an adverb which is often translated as "soon". Learn more about the difference between "extinguirse" and "pronto" below.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to quench)
a. to go out
Se les acabó la leña y la fogata se extinguió.They ran out of firewood and the fire went out.
2. (to stop living)
a. to become extinct
Los insectos gigantes se extinguieron cuando cayeron los niveles de oxígeno en la atmósfera.Giant insects became extinct when oxygen levels in the atmosphere fell.
b. to die out
Cundió el pánico cuando se extinguió toda la colonia de abejas.Panic spread when the whole bee colony died out.
3. (to come to an end)
a. to die
El gran amor que sentía Jessica por Esteban se extinguió cuando lo sorprendió con Amanda.The great love that Jessica had for Esteban died when she caught him with Amanda.
4. (legal)
a. to expire
El contrato se extingue automáticamente si no acata el reglamento al pie de la letra.The contract expires automatically if you don't abide by the rules to the letter.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to quench)
a. to extinguish
Extinguieron la hogera con arena antes de marcharse.They extinguished the fire with sand before leaving.
b. to put out
Los bomberos extinguieron un conato de incendio en el bosque nacional.Firefighters put out the beginnings of a fire in the national forest.
6. (to eradicate)
a. to wipe out
Una especie invasiva de plantas extinguió las flores autóctonas de la región.An invasive plant species wiped out the indigenous flowers of the region.
b. to exterminate
Estamos buscando una solución para extinguir las ratas sin matar a las ardillas.We're looking for a solution to exterminate the rats without killing the squirrels.
7. (to eliminate)
a. to put an end to
El candidato dio a conocer su plan para extinguir el hambre en las comunidades pobres.The candidate announced his plan to put an end to hunger in poor communities.
b. to terminate
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(a contract or an agreement)
Su contrato quedará extinguido a partir del 26 de diciembre.Your contract will be terminated as of December 26.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (before long)
a. soon
Pronto llegan tus abuelos de Cuba.Your grandparents are arriving from Cuba soon.
2. (rapidly)
a. fast
Tenemos que entregar esto pronto.We need to turn this in fast.
b. quickly
Órale, llegaste pronto.Wow, you got here quickly.
3. (before the expected time)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. early
Es muy pronto. Creo que todavía no llegan de trabajar. It's too early. I don't think they're home from work yet.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (swift)
a. quick
Su servicio es pronto y conveniente.Their service is quick and convenient.
b. prompt (formal)
Nos dijeron que podemos esperar una pronta respuesta.They told us we can expect a prompt response.
5. (prepared) (Southern Cone)
a. ready
Dice mamá que el desayuno está pronto.Mom says breakfast is ready.
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