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Quick answer
"Explosión" is a noun which is often translated as "explosion", and "estallido" is a noun which is also often translated as "explosion". Learn more about the difference between "explosión" and "estallido" below.
explosión(
ehks
-
ploh
-
syohn
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (detonation)
a. explosion
La explosión mató a tres soldados e hirió a otros nueve.The explosion killed three soldiers and injured nine.
b. blast
Una fuerte explosión sacudió la ciudad en la mañana. Un grupo terrorista había detonado una bomba en un banco.A powerful blast rocked the city in the morning. A terrorist group had detonated a bomb in a bank.
2. (fit)
a. outburst
Las explosiones constantes de risa de una mesa cercana nos hicieron imposible disfrutar de la cena.The constant outbursts of laughter from the nearby table made it impossible for us to enjoy our meal.
b. explosion
Lucio, en una explosión de cólera, se puso a darle puñetazos a la pared.Lucio punched the wall in an explosion of anger.
3. (expansion)
a. explosion
La ciudad creció y floreció gracias a la explosión demográfica reciente.The city grew and flourished thanks to the recent demographic explosion.
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estallido(
ehs
-
tah
-
yee
-
doh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (detonation)
a. explosion (of a bomb)
El estallido de la bomba causó varias víctimas mortales.The explosion of the bomb caused several mortalities.
b. crash
Los vecinos alertaron de que habían oído un estallido en el segundo piso.Neighbors gave warning that they had heard a crash in the second floor.
c. shattering (of glass)
Meter la botella en el congelador provocó el estallido del cristal.Placing the bottle in the freezer caused the shattering of the glass.
d. crack (of a whip or thunder)
El estallido del trueno hizo que todos los perros empezaran a ladrar.The crack of thunder made all the dogs start barking.
2. (eruption)
a. outbreak
El estallido de la guerra se produjo tras realizarse unos ataques en la capital.The outbreak of war took place after the capital was attacked.
b. burst
El cuadro se caracterizaba por un estallido de color sobre un fondo negro.The painting was distinguished by a burst of color on a black background.
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