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Quick answer
"Estar" is a copular verb which is often translated as "to be", and "ir" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to go". Learn more about the difference between "estar" and "ir" below.
estar(
ehs
-
tahr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to express a quality)
a. to be
Este pastel de chocolate está delicioso.This chocolate cake is delicious.
Este hotel está muy lujoso.This hotel is very luxurious.
2. (used to express an emotion or state)
a. to be
Estoy enojada porque me acaban de dar una multa de estacionamiento.I am angry because I just got a parking ticket.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to be located)
a. to be
La casa está delante de la iglesia.The house is in front of the church.
4. (to be present)
a. to be
No está en casa.He's not home.
5. (to find oneself; used with "de")
a. to be on (vacation, trip, call)
Estaremos de vacaciones en Europa el verano entero.We're going to be on vacation in Europe all summer long.
b. to be in (luck)
¡Estás de suerte! Me queda un par en ese color.You're in luck! I have one pair left in that color.
c. to be working as
Está de recepcionista hasta que consiga un mejor trabajo.He's working as a receptionist until he finds something better.
6. (to feel)
a. to be
Está triste ahora que no tiene novia.He is sad now that he doesn't have a girlfriend.
7. (to appear)
a. to look
¡Estás genial con las gafas nuevas!You look great with your new glasses!
8. (to visit)
a. to stay
Gabriel está con su padre esta noche.Gabriel is staying with his father tonight.
9. (to be done)
a. to be ready
La comida ya está. ¡Comamos!The food is ready. Let's eat!
10. (to exist)
a. to be
Luego está el trabajo que queda por hacer.Then there is the work that still needs to be done.
11. (to feel like; used with "para")
a. to be in the mood for
No estoy para tus estupideces a estas horas.I am not in the mood for your nonsense at this time of night.
12. (to come down with; used with "con")
a. to have
Está con gripe desde el lunes.He's had the flu since Monday.
13. (to fit)
a. to be
¿Esta falda queda bien o está muy apretada?Does this skirt look good or is it too tight?
14. (to be understood)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No quiero que camines sola por la noche, ¿está?I don't want you walking alone at night, understood?
Nos encontraremos a las siete para ir al cine, ¿estamos?We'll meet at seven to go to the movie, all right?
15. (to support; used with "por")
a. to be in favor of
Los estudiantes están por un aumento en ayuda financiera de parte de la universidad.The students are in favor of the university providing more financial aid.
16. (to be in agreement; used with "con")
a. to agree with
Estoy con Ana Sofía; no quiero escuchar más peleas entre ustedes.I agree with Ana Sofía. I don't want to hear anymore fighting between the two of you.
17. (with temperatures; used with "a")
a. to be
¡El termómetro dice que está a 25 grados Fahrenheit pero que se siente como 6!The thermometer says it's 25 degrees Fahrenheit out but that it feels like 6!
18. (with dates; used with "a")
a. to be
Estamos a martes, 5 de enero.It is Tuesday, January 5th.
19. (with seasons; used with "en")
a. to be
Mientras el hemisferio norte está en invierno, el hemisferio sur está en verano.It is winter in the Northern Hemisphere when it's summer in the Southern Hemisphere.
20. (with distances; used with "a")
a. to be
El banco está a tres cuadras de la plaza central.The bank is three blocks from the town square.
21. (used to express that something is yet to be known; used with "por" and infinitive)
a. to remain to be
Está por verse si lloverá en la tarde.It remains to be seen whether it will rain this afternoon.
22. (used to express imminence; used with "por" and infinitive)
a. to be going to
Las nubes en la distancia indican que estará por llover esta noche.The clouds in the distance indicate that it is going to rain tonight.
23. (used to negate; used with "sin" and infinitive)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Tengo tres libros que están sin terminar.I have three books that I still have to finish reading.
Estoy sin comer desde temprano esta mañana.I haven't eaten anything since early this morning.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
24. (used with a gerund)
a. to be
Está limpiando la casa.He's cleaning the house.
25. (used with a participle)
a. to be
El cuarto está organizado, ¡así que no hagas desorden!The room is organized. Don't make a mess!
estarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
26. (to remain)
a. to stay
Estate quieto y no digas ni una palabra.Stay still and don't say a word.
b. to keep
Es importante estarse tranquilo ante un desastre.It's important to keep calm in the face of disaster.
c. to remain
Los estudiantes se estuvieron callados mientras trabajaban en la biblioteca.The students remained quiet as they worked in the library.
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ir(
eer
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to indicate movement)
a. to go
Ayer Ana y yo fuimos al cine.Yesterday, Ana and I went to the movies.
2. (to indicate a result)
a. to go
Me fueron bien los exámenes este semestre.My exams went well this semester.
3. (to indicate origin)
a. to go
Los platos van en el armario.Dishes go in the cupboard.
4. (to indicate a range of time)
a. to go
El festival va del primero de abril hasta el primero de mayo.The festival goes from April first to May first.
5. (to have on)
a. to wear
Iba con botas amarillas.She wore yellow boots.
b. to be dressed in (color)
Iba de verde por el día de San Patricio.She was dressed in green for St. Patrick's Day.
6. (to function)
a. to work
El portátil va bien.The laptop works well.
b. to run
Mi carro ha ido sin problema durante años.My car has run without an issue for years.
7. (to discuss a process; used with "por")
a. to be on
Voy por la página 50 de "San Manuel Bueno, mártir".I'm on page 50 of "San Manuel Bueno, Martyr."
8. (to be on the path to becoming; used with "para")
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to study to be
Mi primo va para cocinero.My cousin is studying to be a cook.
9. (to attend)
a. to go
Mi hermana va a la primaria al lado de la estación de bomberos.My sister goes to the elementary school next to the firestation.
10. (to appear)
a. to look
¡Vas muy guapa! Me encanta tu vestido.You look gorgeous! I love your dress.
11. (to match)
a. to go with
Esa camisa roja no le va a ese pantalón amarillo.That red shirt doesn't go with those yellow pants.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
12. (to indicate a future action)
a. to go
¡Papá va a cocinar una cena espectacular!Dad is going to cook a wonderful dinner!
13. (in progressive constructions)
a. to be
Voy planificando la fiesta.I am planning the party.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
14. (to talk about directions)
a. to go
Por aquí no se va a casa.This is not the way to go home.
15. (to indicate a result)
a. to go
¿Cómo te va, amigo?How's it going, friend?
irse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
16. (to exit a place)
a. to leave
El alumno se fue de la biblioteca muy tarde.The student left the library very late.
b. to go
¡Vámonos! El camión nos va a dejar.Let's go! The bus is going to leave us behind.
17. (to escape)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A la piscina se le fue todo el agua.All the water leaked from the pool.
A la llanta se le fue el aire.The tire went flat.
18. (to pass away)
a. to die
Se nos fue muy joven.He died too young.
19. (to take away)
a. to go away
Con esta pastilla se te irá el dolor.This pill will make the pain go away.
20. (to not remember)
a. to forget
¿Cómo se llama ese hombre? Lo sabía, pero se me fue.What's that man's name? I knew it, but I forgot.
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