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Quick answer
"Estar perdido" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be lost", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "estar perdido" and "a" below.
estar perdido(
ehs
-
tahr
 
pehr
-
dee
-
doh
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to be unable to find one's way or confused)
a. to be lost
Los excursionistas han estado perdidos en la montaña desde el pasado jueves.The hikers have been lost in the mountains since last Thursday.
2. (to be misplaced or wasted)
a. to be lost
Encontré la camisa que estaba perdida.I found the shirt that was lost.
3. (to be distant)
a. to be isolated
Rodaremos el documental en una aldea que está perdida en algún lugar del Himalaya.We will be shooting the documentary in a village that is isolated somewhere in the Himalayas.
b. to be remote
Este sitio está bastante perdido, así que llámenme cuando lleguen al pueblo y yo voy a buscarlos con mi carro.This place is rather remote, so give me a call when you get to the town, and I'll get the car and pick you up.
4. (to be in trouble)
a. to be done for
Si no viene alguien a rescatarnos de esta cueva, estamos perdidos.We're done for if no one comes to rescue us from this cave.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to be very dirty)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to be filthy
Me pregunto dónde se habrá metido la niña, que está perdida de barro.I wonder where the girl has been. She's filthy with mud.
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a(
ah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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