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"Estar lleno" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be full", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "estar lleno" and "a" below.
estar lleno(
ehs
-
tahr
 
yeh
-
noh
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to be filled to capacity)
a. to be full
El restaurante estaba lleno y no habíamos hecho reserva.The restaurant was full and we hadn't made a reservation.
2. (to be scattered with; used with "de")
a. to be full of
Esa carretera está llena de baches. Mejor que vayamos por la autopista.That road is full of potholes. We'd better take the freeway.
b. to be covered in
Se había caído una botella y el suelo estaba lleno de cristalesSomeone had dropped a bottle and the floor was covered in glass.
3. (to have a great amount of; used with "de")
a. to be full of
Los jóvenes que crecen en estas circunstancias están llenos de odio hacia la sociedad.Young people who grow up in these circumstances are full of hatred toward society.
4. (to be satiated)
a. to be full
Me irrita la manía de mi madre de hacernos comer cuando ya estamos llenos.I find it quite annoying my mother's obsession with making us eat when we are already full.
b. to be full up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Estoy tan llena que yo creo que esta noche no ceno.I'm so full up. I think I won't be having dinner tonight.
5. (to be heavy)
a. to be plump
Es verdad que Clara está un poco llena, pero ¿viste que no tiene ni una arruga?It's true that Clara is a bit plump, but did you notice that she has no wrinkles at all?
b. to be chubby
La niña es muy delgada, pero el niño está más bien lleno.The girl is very thin, but the boy is rather chubby.
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a(
ah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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