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"Estar hecho" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to be made", and "ser" is a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". Learn more about the difference between "estar hecho" and "ser" below.
estar hecho(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to be produced)
a. to be made
La ropa de esta tienda está muy mal hecha, y no le sienta bien a nadie.The clothes in this store are very badly made, and they don't look good on anyone.
2. (to be produced with; used with "de")
a. to be made of
En el bosque había una cabaña que estaba hecha de ramas y hojas.There was a hut in the woods that was made of branches and leaves.
3. (culinary)
a. to be done
Este bistec está muy hecho. ¿Te gusta así, o prefieres que te haga otro?This steak is well done. Do you like it like this, or do you want me to make another one for you?
4. (to be prepared or finished)
a. to be done
Todo lo que me pediste que hiciera ya está hecho. ¿Necesitas algo más o me voy?Everything you asked me to do is already done. Do you need anything else or shall I leave?
b. to be ready
La comida ya está hecha, aunque no tenemos nada de postre.Lunch is ready, although we don't have anything for dessert.
5. (to be accustomed to; used with "a")
a. to be used to
Mi madre está hecha a la vida del campo y no le gusta venir a la ciudad.My mother is used to country life and she doesn't like coming to the city.
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
6. (to be in a certain state)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Ahora estoy hecha un lío. ¿Tú eres primo de Marga o de Petra?I'm confused now. Are you a cousin of Marga's or Petra's?
Tu padre está hecho una furia porque usaste su máquina de afeitar.Your father is furious because you used his razor.
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A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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