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"Es" is a form of "ser", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Está lejos" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's far". Learn more about the difference between "está lejos" and "es" below.
está lejos(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (is distant; second person singular)
a. he's far (masculine)
Extraño a Juan. Está lejos de casa, y no sé cuándo volverá.I miss Juan. He's far from home, and I don't know when he'll come back.
b. he's far away
No creo que Pablo llegue a cenar. Está lejos y ya es tarde.I don't think Pablo will make it for dinner. He's far away, and it's late already.
c. she's far (feminine)
¿Sabés dónde está Cecilia? - Está lejos, navegando en medio del mar.Do you know where Cecilia is? - She's far, sailing out in the ocean.
d. she's far away (feminine)
Está lejos, en un país desconocido y se siente sola.She's far away, in an unknown country, and she feels lonely.
e. it's far
La escuela está lejos de la estación y también está lejos de mi casa.The school is far from the station and it's far from my house too.
f. it's far away
¿Sabes dónde queda la estación de trenes? - No, pero sé que está lejos.Do you know where the train station is? - No, I don't, but I do know it's far away.
g. is far
La biblioteca está lejos de mi casa.The library is far from home.
h. is far away
Tu casa está lejos. ¿Por qué no vamos a la mía?Your house is far away. Why don't we go to mine?
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(are distant; second person singular)
a. you're far
Si está lejos de la estación de subte, le conviene tomar un taxi.If you're far from the metro station, you should take a taxi.
b. you're far away
Ahora que está lejos, se da cuenta de lo importantes que son para usted sus amigos.Now that you're far away, you realize how important your friends are to you.
3. (is not at all; second person singular)
a. he's far
Está lejos de ser un Adonis, pero es encantador de todos modos.He's far from being an Adonis, but he's charming anyway.
b. she's far
Marta debería darse cuenta de que está lejos de ser buena cocinera.Marta should realize that she's far from being a good cook.
c. it's far
El hotel no es caro, pero está lejos de ser un cinco estrellas.The hotel is not expensive, but it's far from being a five-star accommodation.
d. is far
Ricardo está lejos de ser un tipo estricto; al contrario, es sumamente permisivo.Ricardo is far from being a strict guy; much to the contrary, he is overly permissive.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(are not at all; second person singular)
a. you're far
Usted está lejos de ser estúpido, así que no se deje engañar.You're far from stupid, so don't be fooled.
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A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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