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Quick answer
"Esdrújulo" is an adjective which is often translated as "stressed on the third-to-last syllable", and "agudo" is an adjective which is often translated as "sharp". Learn more about the difference between "esdrújulo" and "agudo" below.
esdrújulo(
ehs
-
droo
-
hoo
-
loh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (phonetics)
a. stressed on the third-to-last syllable
Piensa en una palabra española esdrújula. - "Jóvenes."Think of a Spanish word stressed on the third-to-last syllable. - "Jóvenes."
b. stressed on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
La profesora de español les explicó a sus alumnos que las palabras esdrújulas siempre debían llevar tilde.The Spanish teacher explained to her students that words stressed on the antepenultimate syllable must always have a written accent.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
La pronunciación esdrújula de la palabra llegó a ser aceptada al final.The proparoxtyone pronunciation of the word eventually became accepted.
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agudo(
ah
-
goo
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (pointed)
a. sharp
Ten cuidado con ese lápiz, que tiene la punta muy aguda.Be careful with that pencil; its point is very sharp.
2. (intense)
a. acute
Sintió un dolor muy agudo en el pecho.He felt an acute pain in the chest.
b. sharp (pain)
Llevo toda la semana con dolores de cabeza agudos.I'm having sharp headaches this whole week.
c. severe (illness)
Ingresó en el hospital con pulmonía aguda.She was admitted to hospital with a case of severe pneumonia.
3. (related to sound)
a. high-pitched
La voz aguda de la soprano puede romper una copa.The high-pitched voice of the lyric soprano can break a cup.
b. piercing
Era guapo, pero tenía la voz muy aguda.He was handsome, but his voice was very piercing.
c. high (note)
El bajo no canta notas agudas.The bass doesn't sing high notes.
4. (humorous)
a. witty
Mi hermano es muy agudo; de cualquier cosa hace un chascarrillo.My brother is very witty; he can make a funny story out of anything.
b. quick-witted
Sherlock Holmes es el ejemplo perfecto de una persona aguda.Sherlock Holmes is the perfect example of a quick-witted person.
c. sharp
Un buen detective debe tener una mente aguda.A good detective must have a sharp mind.
d. clever
Esta niña hace observaciones muy agudas.This girl makes very clever comments.
e. searching
El periodista hizo preguntas muy agudas al secretario de Estado.The journalist made very searching questions to the Secretary of State.
5. (very sensitive)
a. keen
Mi perro tiene el olfato muy agudo.My dog has a very keen sense of smell.
6. (mathematics)
a. acute
Un ángulo agudo es siempre menor de 90 grados.An acute angle is always less than 90 degrees.
7. (grammar)
a. stressed on the last syllable (word)
"Atención" es una palabra aguda."Atención" is a word stressed on the last syllable.
b. acute (accent)
Esa palabra se escribe con un acento agudo.That word is written with an acute accent.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
8. (sound)
a. treble
Este botón regula los graves; y este, los agudos.This knob controls the bass; and this one controls the treble.
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