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Quick answer
"Responde" is a form of "responder", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to answer". "Escucha" is a noun which is often translated as "listening". Learn more about the difference between "escucha" and "responde" below.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (act of listening)
a. listening
La escucha es una destreza importante para trabajar en el servicio de atención al cliente.Listening is an important skill for working in customer service.
2. (espionage)
a. monitoring
El juez emitió una orden para la escucha de la línea telefónica del sospechoso. The judge issued a warrant for monitoring of the suspect's telephone line.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
3. (military)
a. scout
El escucha regresó e informó al capitán sobre las fortificaciones del enemigo.The scout returned and informed the captain about the enemy's fortifications.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to give an answer)
a. to answer
¿Por qué no respondiste cuando te llamé?Why didn't you answer when I called you?
b. to reply
Le escribí una postal y me respondió con una carta de diez páginas.I wrote him a postcard and he replied to me with ten-page letter.
c. to give a reply
Respondiste de manera que debió haber terminado la conversación, pero no puedo dejarla así.You gave a reply that should have ended the conversation, but I can't let it end like that.
2. (to react)
a. to respond
Los perros respondieron gruñéndole a los gatos.The dogs responded by growling at the cats.
b. to respond to
Los huéspedes del hotel respondieron a la alarma evacuando.The hotel guests responded to the alarm by evacuating.
3. (to answer impertinently)
a. to talk back
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Cuando te digo que te cepilles los dientes, no necesito que me respondas.When I tell you to brush your teeth, I don't need you to talk back to me.
4. (to take responsibility for)
a. to vouch for
Yo no puedo responder por Raúl.I can't vouch for Raul.
b. to take responsibility
Ella responde de que los volantes se repartan a tiempo.She takes responsibility for getting the flyers handed out on time.
5. (to correspond to; used with "a")
a. to be in keeping with
Sus fotografías responden al tema de la exhibición.Her photographs are in keeping with the theme of the exhibit.
b. to be appropriate for
La multa que se cobró responde a los daños hechos.The fine charged is appropriate for the damage done.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
6. (to reply to)
a. to answer
El estudiante respondió que el no había sido.The student answered that he didn't do it.
b. to respond to
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
Manuel respondió preguntas del comité.Manuel responded to the committee's questions.
7. (to acknowledge)
a. to answer
Mi papá no me respondió la llamada, así que tuve que irme caminando a la casa.My dad didn't answer my call, so I had to walk home.
b. to reply to
Leticia aún no me respondió.Leticia hasn't replied to me yet.
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