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Quick answer
"Esclavizada" is a form of "esclavizar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to enslave". "Explotada" is a form of "explotar", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to exploit". Learn more about the difference between "esclavizada" and "explotada" below.
esclavizar(
ehs
-
klah
-
bee
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to subjugate)
a. to enslave
Diferentes culturas a través de la historia han esclavizado a minoridades para su propio provecho.Different cultures throughout history have enslaved minorities for their own profit.
2. (to be worked excessively hard)
a. to be a slave to
Dejé mi trabajo porque en la empresa me esclavizaban.I left my job because I was a slave to the company.
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explotar(
ehks
-
ploh
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to use)
a. to exploit
Este país tiene muchos recursos naturales que aún no han sido explotados.This country has many natural resources that are yet to be exploited.
b. to work
La gente de esta región explota la tierra para cultivos agrícolas y ganadería.People in this region work the land for agricultural crops and cattle raising.
c. to run
El nuevo dueño de la fábrica quiere explotarla al máximo.The new owner of the factory wants to run it to the max.
d. to operate
La compañía minera explota tres minas distintas en los alrededores de este pueblo.The mining company operates three separate mines around this town.
2. (to take advantage of)
a. to exploit
Yo que tú, renunciaría. ¡Te están explotando en ese trabajo!If I were you, I'd quit. They're exploiting you in that job!
3. (to make the most of)
a. to exploit
Él supo cómo explotar la situación y le sacó provecho para su propio beneficio.He knew how to exploit the situation and took advantage of it for his own benefit.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to detonate)
a. to explode
Una bomba explotó cerca del centro comercial. Afortunadamente, nadie resultó herido.A bomb exploded close to the shopping center. Fortunately, no one was hurt.
b. to go off
Una mina terrestre explotó cuando los soldados trataban de desactivarla.A land mine went off while the soldiers were trying to defuse it.
5.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(to react emotionally)
a. to explode
Explotó cuando se enteró de que le habían negado la beca.She exploded when she found out that her scholarship had been denied.
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