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Quick answer
"Es" is a form of "ser", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Hace" is a form of "hacer", a transitive verb which is often translated as "to do". Learn more about the difference between "es" and "hace" below.
ser(
sehr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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hacer(
ah
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to complete)
a. to do
Haz los deberes.Do your homework.
2. (to produce)
a. to make
Hice la comida de mis hijos.I made my children's lunch.
b. to prepare
Nos reuniremos este fin de semana para hacer la presentación.We will meet this weekend to prepare the presentation.
3. (to create)
a. to make
Hoy les enseñaré a hacer su propio sitio web.Today I'll show you how to make your own website.
4. (to carry out)
a. to make
Estoy ocupado haciendo los preparativos para la fiesta.I'm busy making preparations for the party.
5. (used in place of another verb)
a. to do
Me mandó que lavara los platos pero ya lo había hecho.He told me to wash the dishes but I had already done it.
6. (to acquire)
a. to make
Hizo una nueva amiga en el colegio.He made a new friend at school.
7. (to cause)
a. to make
La hizo llorar.He made her cry.
8. (to imagine)
a. to think
Hacía la casa sola.I thought there was nobody at home.
9. (to transform)
a. to make
El dolor hizo mi vida miserable.The pain made my life a misery.
10. (to obey)
a. to do
Haz lo que te digo.Do as I say.
11. (to cause to look)
a. to make look
Ese peinado te hace más vieja.That hairstyle makes you look older.
12. (to behave)
a. to act
¡No hagas el mono en el colegio!Don't act the fool at school!
13. (to gross)
a. to make
Se dice que el doctor hace hasta seis cifras.They say the doctor makes at least six figures.
b. to earn
Mi hermanito hizo una fortuna vendiendo limonada.My little brother earned a fortune selling lemonade.
14. (to take time)
a. to take
Les hizo dos semanas manejar a California.It took them two weeks to drive to California.
15. (to cover distance)
a. to do
Hicimos 150 millas en el último viaje.We did 150 miles on the last vacation.
b. to cover
Podemos hacer más distancia si salimos de noche.We can cover more distance if we leave at night.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
16. (time)
a. it has been
Hace mucho tiempo que no te veo.It has been a long time since I've seen you.
17. (weather)
a. to be
En invierno hace frío.It's cold in winter.
hacerse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
18. (to create for oneself)
a. to make for oneself
Se hizo un vestido de seda.She made herself a silk dress.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
19. (to feign)
a. to pretend
No te hagas el santo; tú también te equivocas.Don't pretend to be a saint; you make mistakes, too.
b. to act
No te hagas el tonto conmigo.Don't act the fool with me.
20. (to turn into)
a. to become
Su sueño era hacerse dentista.His dream was to become a dentist.
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