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Quick answer
"Es" is a form of "ser", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Cuba" is a noun which is often translated as "barrel". Learn more about the difference between "es" and "cuba" below.
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (keg)
a. barrel
En la bodega, además de botellas de vino, hay dos cubas de whisky.In the cellar, beside bottles of wine, there are two barrels of whiskey.
b. cask
La carga del barco consistía principalmente en cubas de vino y cerveza.The ship cargo consisted mainly of wine and beer casks.
2. (vessel)
a. tub
Cuando éramos bebés, mi abuela nos bañaba a mi hermana y a mí en una cuba metálica.When we were babies, my grandmother used to bathe my sister and me in a a metal tub.
b. vat
Visitamos una cervecera, y nos impresionaron las enormes cubas en las que fermenta la cerveza.We visited a brewery, and we were impressed by the huge vats where beer ferments.
3. (transport)
a. tanker
En el vídeo pueden verse las cubas que transportan agua a las zonas afectadas por la catástrofe.In the video you can see the tankers carrying water to the disaster-affected areas.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(youngest son or daughter)
Regionalism used in Colombia
Regionalism used in Venezuela
a. youngest child
Mis hermanos mayores dicen que todo es mucho más fácil cuando eres la cuba, pero yo no estoy de acuerdo.My older brothers say that everything is easier when you're the youngest child, but I don't agree.
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
5. (country)
a. Cuba
Muchos de los coches en Cuba son de los años cincuenta.Many of the cars in Cuba are from the fifties.
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