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Quick answer
"Es" is a form of "ser", a copular verb which is often translated as "to be". "Bueno" is an adjective which is often translated as "good". Learn more about the difference between "es" and "bueno" below.
ser(
sehr
)
A copular verb links the subject of a clause to the predicate (e.g. My brother is tall).
1. (used to talk about characteristics)
a. to be
Sus ojos son azules.Her eyes are blue.
Mi abuelo es profesor.My grandpa is a teacher.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (used to indicate origin)
a. to be
Soy de Nueva York.I'm from New York.
3. (to serve as)
a. to be
El lápiz es para escribir, no para lanzar.Pencils are for writing, not for throwing.
4. (used to talk about prices)
a. to be
¿Cuánto quiere por este cuadro? - Son diez dólares.How much do you want for this picture? - It's ten dollars.
5. (to be composed of)
a. to be made of
El casillero antiguo de mi abuela es de roble.My grandma's antique dresser is made of oak.
6. (used to indicate possession)
a. to be
Este reloj es de mi madre.This watch is my mother's.
7. (to take place)
a. to be
La fiesta será en mi casa.The party will be at my place.
8. (to be associated with; used with "de")
a. to root for
Yo soy del mejor equipo del mundo: FC Barcelona.I root for the best team in the world: FC Barcelona.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
9. (used to express time)
a. to be
Son las siete de la mañana.It is seven in the morning.
Era de noche cuando llegaron.It was night when they arrived.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
10. (with the passive voice)
a. to be
El edificio fue diseñado por un equipo de arquitectos.The building was built by a team of architects.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
11. (entity)
a. being
Hay un ser vivo en el lago, pero no sé qué es.There's a living being in the lake, but I don't know what it is.
12. (human)
a. person
Su papá es un ser muy agradable.Her dad is a very nice person.
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bueno(
bweh
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (beneficial)
a. good
La dieta mediterránea es muy buena para la salud.The Mediterranean diet is very good for your health.
2. (useful)
a. good
Esta herramienta es buena para montar cuadros.This tool is good for putting up a painting.
3. (of good quality)
a. good
Quiero invertir en muebles buenos.I want to invest in a few good furniture pieces.
4. (virtuous)
a. good
Un buen hombre dio su vida por la comunidad anoche.A good man gave his life in the service of this community last night.
5. (delicious)
a. good
La tarta de manzana estaba muy buena.The apple pie was very good.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(attractive)
a. hot (colloquial)
Ese actor está bien bueno.That actor is really hot.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
7. (in agreement)
a. ok
Creo que sería mejor ir al restaurante francés. - Bueno, vayamos.I think it'd be better to go to the French restaurant. - Ok, let's go.
8. (answering the phone)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. hello
¿Bueno? Sí, él habla.Hello? Yes, this is he.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
9. (used to introduce a statement or question)
a. so
Bueno, ¿vamos a pedir pizza o no?So, are we going to order pizza or not?
b. well
¿Quieres una taza de café? - Bueno, vale.Would you like a cup of coffee? - Well, ok.
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