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Quick answer
"Es bonito" is a phrase which is often translated as "it's pretty", and "a" is a preposition which is often translated as "to". Learn more about the difference between "es bonito" and "a" below.
es bonito(
ehs
 
boh
-
nee
-
toh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. it's pretty
¿Te gusta este vestido? - Sí, es bonito.Do you like this dress? - Yes, it's pretty.
b. is pretty
El cuadro es bonito, pero no muy original.The painting is pretty, but not very original.
c. it's nice
¿Has estado en su apartamento? - Sí, es bonito.Have you been to their apartment? - Yes, it's nice.
d. is nice
El restaurante es bonito y se come muy bien.The restaurant is nice and the food is very good.
e. it's lovely
¿Quién escribió este poema? Es bonito.Who wrote this poem? It's lovely.
f. is lovely
Este himno es bonito, aunque un poco triste.This hymn is lovely, although a bit sad.
g. it's beautiful
¿Qué opinas de este anillo? - Es bonito.What do you make of this ring? - It's beautiful.
h. is beautiful
El paisaje desde lo alto de la colina es bonito.The view from the hilltop is beautiful.
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a(
ah
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. to
Ve a tu habitación.Go to your room.
2. (used to indicate position)
a. to
A la izquierda puedes ver el parque.To your left you can see the park.
3. (used to indicate an exact moment)
a. at
Saldremos al amanecer.We will leave at dawn.
4. (used to indicate mode)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Podía respirar a duras penas.He was hardly able to breathe.
5. (the personal "a")
a. to
No te olvides de escribir a tus abuelos.Don't forget to write to your grandparents.
6. (used to give orders)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡A fregar los platos!Go do the dishes!
¡A la cama!Off to bed!
7. (used with quantities)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me encantaría ganar dinero a espuertas.I would love to earn lots of money.
Llovía a cántaros.It was pouring.
8. (used to express purpose)
a. to
Vino a saludar.He came to say hello.
9. (used to express frequency)
a. per
Trabajo ocho horas al día.I work eight hours per day.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
10. (letter)
a. a
Ese adjetivo debe terminar con una a.That adjective should end in an a.
11. (music)
a. A
El pianista tocó una A.The pianist played an A.
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